Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa dan Sastra https://ejournal.unitomo.ac.id/index.php/ayumi <p><strong>ISSN (Print)</strong>: <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1388381382&amp;1&amp;&amp;">2406-8268 </a>; &nbsp; <strong>ISSN (Online)</strong>: <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1493893480&amp;1&amp;&amp;">2580-2984 </a></p> <p>Accredited based on the Decree of the Minister of Research and Technology/ Head of National Research and Innovation Agency of Republic of Indonesia Number <a href="https://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail?id=6594">85/M/KPT/2020</a> Rank 5 (SINTA 5)</p> <p align="justify">AYUMI Journal is a cultural, language and literature journal published by the Japanese Literature Study Program, Faculty of Letters, Dr. Soetomo University Surabaya. This journal contains research results, scientific articles, and literature studies on Japanese culture, language and literature. We invite Japanese literature study program lecturers, researchers and practitioners to send their works both in Indonesian either English. This journal is published twice a year, which is every March and September. The deadline for submitting manuscripts for the March edition is January and for the September edition in July.</p> Faculty of Letters, Dr. Soetomo University en-US Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa dan Sastra 2406-8268 Budaya Aimai dalam Anime Flying Witch Karya Katsushi Sakurabi https://ejournal.unitomo.ac.id/index.php/ayumi/article/view/4398 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>In Japanese society, one of the communication cultures that becomes an important concern is the aimai or ambiguity. The use aimai in community communication aims to maintain harmony. Aimai as a communication culture is not only used in real situations in society</em><em>,</em><em> but is also expressed in works such as anime, films, and manga. One of which is an anime entitled Flying Witch. The purpose of this research is to find out how the form and use of aimai in the anime Flying Witch. The findings of this study are useful as a theory development about culture that influences Japanese communication. With knowledge of culture in a language community, communication will work well. This research is a qualitative descriptive study. The theory used in this study is the theory of Davies and Ikeno (2002) and the theory of Tsuji Daisuke (1999). The results of the study stated that aimai in Japanese can be in the form of words, sentences, and interrogative sentences. Aimai in the Flying Witch anime is used to express opinions indirectly, disguise disapproval, and express doubt or uncertainty.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong>: <em>aimai</em>; <em>communication; culture.</em></p> Devi Haryanti Oktavia Mangatur Sinaga Intan Suri Copyright (c) 2022 Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa dan Sastra 2022-10-04 2022-10-04 9 2 86 100 10.25139/ayumi.v9i2.4398 Pengaruh Perubahan Perilaku Afektif terhadap Perilaku Tokoh Utama dalam Anime Honzuki no Gekokujou Season 1 Karya Miya Kazuki https://ejournal.unitomo.ac.id/index.php/ayumi/article/view/4863 <p><em>This study discusses changes in affective behavior that occur in the main character in Miya Kazuki's Honzuki no Gekokujou Season 1 anime. Affective behavior is behavior related to attitudes and feelings. This study aims to describe the factors that cause behavioral changes in the monozukuri concept on behavior, and the impact of behavioral changes on the main character in Miya Kazuki's Honzuki no Gekokujou Season 1 anime. The theory used in this study is Skinner's behaviorism which states that human behavior can change due to several factors. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method with data in the form of descriptions and analytical techniques with descriptive analysis. The results of this study found internal and external factors. Internal factors found 4 data and external factors found 3 data. The concept of monozukuri found 2 data. The impact of behavior change is found in 2 data, namely the impact on one</em><em> self and the impact on others. Changes in behavior in the main character make him more independent, more compassionate, independent, innovative, and creative</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: anime; behavior change; Honzuki no Gekokujou</em> <em>Season 1. </em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Dini Lutfiana Ambarwati Hendri Zuliastutik Copyright (c) 2022 Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa dan Sastra 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 9 2 101 119 10.25139/ayumi.v9i2.4863 Dinamika Kepribadian Tokoh Sasaki Miyo dalam Anime Nakitai Watashi wa Neko wo Kaburu https://ejournal.unitomo.ac.id/index.php/ayumi/article/view/4811 <p><em>Characters in literary works have an important role, because they become the main focus in the storyline. Characters can be observed about their personalities, one of which is about personality dynamics; which includes the processes that occur and result in changes in the character’s personality. The purpose of this study is to determine the personality dynamics from the character Sasaki Miyo in the anime Nakitai Watashi wa Neko wo Kaburu. The benefit of this research is to add references to the dynamics of Miyo’s personality in this anime. The research method used is qualitative with a literary psychology approach. Data collection was carried out by using the note-taking technique. The data found were analyzed using Sigmund Freud’s theory of personality dynamic. Three important elements that influence the dynamics of a person’s personality are instinct, anxiety, and defense mechanisms. After being analyzed, the character Sasaki Miyo is known to experience personality dynamics by experiencing these three elements. At the beginning of the story, Miyo is told to have a closed nature with those closest to her. After being trapped in the form of a cat and successfully carrying out a compensation-type defense mechanism, Miyo’s desire to survive is getting stronger, so she tries to snatch her human form from the figure of the mask seller. After successfully seizing her human form, Miyo experiences moral anxiety that makes her realize what she has done so far that she doesn’t want to open up with her family. Miyo also tries to fix this and wants to be more open with her family and closest people. Miyo realized that turning into a cat and running away from her problems would not solve the problem.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: anxiety; defense mechanism; instinct; literary psychology; personality dynamic.</em></p> Tia Ristiawati Viana Meilani Prasetio Aldy Rizaldi Sumargono Copyright (c) 2022 Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa dan Sastra 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 9 2 120 137 10.25139/ayumi.v9i2.4811 Idiom Berleksikon Tangan (Te) yang Bersinonim dalam Bahasa Jepang dan Bahasa Indonesia https://ejournal.unitomo.ac.id/index.php/ayumi/article/view/4572 <p><em>Idioms are phrases that cannot be interpreted lexically. </em><em>This is one of the factors causing difficulties for many Japanese learners in interpreting it.</em> <em>Understanding the meaning of the idiom can be done through an analysis</em><em>. This research is an idiom analysis that uses the lexicon hand </em><em>or te (</em><em>手</em><em>) </em><em>in the Japanese and Indonesian. The purpose of this study is to comprehend and understand idioms with hand</em><em> or te</em><em> lexicon, which are synonymous between Japanese and Indonesian. </em><em>The benefit of this research is to provide an overview of the reader about the application of contrastive analysis of an idiom with a hand or te in Japanese and Indonesian</em><em>. </em><em>The method used was descriptive qualitative. </em><em>Researchers used literature studies, and data were taken from the Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (2014) </em><em>and also the online dictionary of Goo Jiten in the collection of data</em><em>. </em><em>The results of this study indicate that of 114 hand or te idioms in the Goo Jiten dictionary, there are 14 hand or te idioms that have the same connotation meaning as Indonesian idioms</em><em>.</em> <em>Furthermore, of the 14 idioms whose connotative meanings are the same, idioms that also have the same lexical meaning are only found in 3 idioms namely, te ga nagai </em>(手が長い) ‘<em>long hand</em>’, <em>te wo ageru </em>(手を上げる) ‘<em>raise hand</em>’, dan <em>te ni wataru </em>(手に渡る) ‘<em>change hand</em>’.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: connotative; denotative; hand; idiom; meaning</em><em>.</em></p> Azis Wahyu Laksono Dinonisius Krisna Saputra M. Irvan Mulyo Aji Rayhan Mujahid Amrullah Yuli Sulistiani Copyright (c) 2022 Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa dan Sastra 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 9 2 138 153 10.25139/ayumi.v9i2.4572 Bentuk Tindak Direktif pada Kalimat Deklaratif dalam Serial Drama Jepang https://ejournal.unitomo.ac.id/index.php/ayumi/article/view/5159 <p><em>This study discusses the form of directive utterence in Japanese declarative sentences of Japanese drama series entitled Sapuri and Osen. Directive utterence has a purpose to produce an effect in the form of actions taken by the speech partner. The form of directive utterence in declarative sentences has been analyzed using Yasushi’s Theory. This research uses qualitative method and directive utterances in declarative sentence as the data. The result of the research is that the form of directive utterence in declarative sentences in Japanese drama series (in order of the most) is dantei, suiryou, utagai, and ketsui. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: </em><em>declarative sentences; directive utterence;</em> <em>pragmatic.</em></p> Desy Irmayanti Isnin Ainie Copyright (c) 2023 Ayumi : Jurnal Budaya, Bahasa dan Sastra 2023-01-01 2023-01-01 9 2 154 172 10.25139/ayumi.v9i2.5159