Sudahkah UKM Cor Kuningan Mengimplementasikan Keputusan Operasional?

Novi Marlena

Abstract


Abstrak

Keputusan manajemen operasional banyak dibahas pada industri besar, tetapi seringkali terabaikan untuk usaha kecil. Obyek penelitian adalah UKM Whisnu yang bergerak dibidang kerajinan tangan yaitu cor kuningan. Meskipun dalam proses operasional UKM Whisnu masih menggunakan peralatan manual dan proses produksi memiliki ketergantungan yang tinggi dari kreativitas karyawan, produk handmade cor kuningan UKM Whisnu memiliki permintaan yang cukup tinggi setiap bulannya. Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksploratif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Teknik yang digunakan untuk mengumpulkan data menggunakan observasi dan wawancara secara langsung dengan pemilik UKM Whisnu. Teknik analisis data penelitian terdiri dari empat tahapan yaitu pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian sepuluh keputusan operasional yang sudah dijalankan oleh pemilik UKM selaku manajer operasional berkaitan dengan perancansgan produk, pengelolan kualitas, perancangan proses, perancangan kapasitas, strategi lokasi, strategi tata letak, perancangan sumber daya manusia dan perancangan pekerjaan, pengelolaan rantai pasokan, pengeloaan persediaan dan perencanaan kebutuhan bahan baku, dan pemeliharaan.

Have Already The Cor Of UKM Kuningan Implementing Operational Decisions?

Abstract

      Operational management decisions are mostly discussed in large industries, but are often overlooked for small businesses. The object of the research is SME Whisnu which is engaged in handicraft ie brass cast. Although in SME Whisnu's operational process still using manual equipment and production process has high dependence of employee creativity, SME Whisnu brass handmade products have high demand every month. This type of research is explorative with a qualitative approach. Techniques used to collect using observations and interviews directly with the owner of SME Whisnu. Technique of research data analysis consist of four stages that is data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. The results of the ten operational decisions conducted by the owners of SMEs as operational managers related to product design, quality management, process design, capacity design, location strategy, layout strategy, human resource design and job design, supply chain management, inventory management and raw material requirements planning, and maintenance.


Keywords


Manajemen Operasional; Keputusan Operasional; Usaha Kecil Menengah (UKM); Operational Management; Operational Decision; Small and Medium Enterprises (SME)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ebert, R. J., & Griffin, R. W. (2006). Business Essentials. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Greco, M., Grimaldi, M., Scarabotti, L., & Schiraldi, M. M. (2013). The Sources of Competitive Advantage in University Spin-Offs : a Case Study, 8(3), 139–151.

Hayes, R. ., Pisano, G. ., Upton, D. ., & Heelwright, S. C. (2005). Operations, Strategy and Technology: Pursuing the Competitive Edge. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Heizer, J., & Render, B. (2014). Operations Management, 11th Edition. London: Pearson Education Inc.

Hisbullah, A., Sila, I. N., & Rediasa, I. N. (2017). Kerajinan cor kuningan di desa cindogo, kabupaten bondowoso. Jurnal Pendidikan Seni Rupa Undiksha, 8(2).

Narjoko, D. A., Anas, T., & Aswicahyono, H. (2015). Ekonomi Kreatif: Rencana Pengembangan Kerajinan Nasional 2015-2019. Jakarta: PT. Republik Solusi.

Santoso, C. V. (2017). Analisis Fungsi Manajemen Operasional Pada PT. Puyuh Plastik. AGORA, 5(1).

Schroeder, R. G. (1993). Operations Management, Decisions Making in the Operations Function. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Education.

Shavarini, S. K., Salimian, H., Nazemi, J., & Alborzi, M. (2013). Operations Strategy and Business Strategy Alignment Model (Case of Iranian Industries). International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 33(9), 1108–1130.

Stevenson, W. J., & Chuong, S. C. (2014). Operation Management: An Asian Persective. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25139/ekt.v2i2.1224

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Ekspektra : Jurnal Bisnis dan Manajemen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed By :

Creative Commons License
Ekspektra : Jurnal Bisnis dan Manajemen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My State :