Reproduksi pengetahuan atas eksotisme tubuh perempuan: identitas oriental dalam grup facebook ‘indonesia tempo dulu’

Kandi Aryani Suwito

Abstract


This article aims to explore the reproduction of knowledge on the exotics of the body materialised through photographs in the Facebook group ‘Indonesia Tempo Dulu’ which is a memory site for the construction of oriental identities framed in the complexity of past history and the present context. This problem is a study that uses visual methodology as a method in finding answers to how digital culture that enables the transmission of old media, in this case photographs, becomes the domain for identity reproduction. History is not only presented as a form of romanticism which is a casual factor for the emergence of digital technology as a product of modernity but as a construction that opens up spaces of possible heterogeneity in defining and performing identities, especially in social media. This study uses postcolonial theories in exploring important concepts such as ‘memory’, ‘domination’, ‘subjugation’ and ‘power’

Keywords


Identity; Oriental; Exoticism Body; Photographs; Memory; Facebook

Full Text:

PDF

References


Appadurai, A. (1996). Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimension of Globalization, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press

Anderson, B. (2001). Imagined Communities ‘Komunitas-Komunitas Terbayang (trans). Yogyakarta: INSIST

Bate, D. (2003). Photography & Surrealism: Sexuality, Colonialism and Social Dissent, London: I.B Tauris & Co. Ltd

Bergson, H. (1991). Matter and Memory. New York: Zone Books

Boehmer, E. (2005). Stories of Women: Gender & Narrative in the Postcolonial Nation, Oxford: Manchester University Press

Brooks, A. (1997). Posfeminisme & Cultural Studies, London: Routledge

Chandler, D. (2002). Semiotics: the Basics, London & New York: Routledge

Collier Jr, J & Collier, M. (1986). Visual Anthropology: Photography as a Research Method, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico

Davis, F. (1992). Fashion, Culture and Identity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Elliot, M.I. (2010). Batik: Fabled Cloth of Java. Tuttle Publishing

Fernandez, M. (1999). Postcolonial Media Theory, Art Journal 58: 3 (Autumn 1999)

Fraser, M. (2004). Identity without Selfhood. UK: Cambridge University Press

Foucault, M. (1995). Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Age of Reason. Trans. Richard Howard. New York: Vintage Books.

Gamble, S. (2001). Feminism and Postfeminism, London: Routledge

Holland, S. (2004). Alternative Feminities: Body, Age and Identity, Oxford & New York: BERG

Hollows, J. (2000). Feminism, Feminity, and Popular Culture, UK: Manchester University Press

Huggan, G, (2001). The Postcolonial Exotic: Marketing the Margins, London & New York: Rourledge

Jenkins, H & Thorburn, D (eds). (2003). Democracy & New Media, Cambridge Massachussetts & London: The MIT Press

Jenkins, H. (2003). Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century. Chicago, Illnois: MacArthur

Kusrianto, A. (2013). Batik: Filosofi, Motif & Kegunaan. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi

Kress, G & Van Leeuwen, T. (1990). Reading Images. Geelong: Deaking University Press

Manovich, L. (2001). The Language of New Media. Cambridge: MIT Press

McLuhan, M. (1964). Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, London & New York: Routledge

Mulder, A. (2004). Understanding Media Theory. Rotterdam: NAi Publishers

Arini, A.B & Musman, A. (2011). Batik Warisan Adiluhung Nusantara. Yogyakarta: Gramedia

Montano, A.L. (2010). On Walter Benjamin’s Historical Materialism. Astrolabio. Revista internacional de filosofia. Num.10. ISSN 1699-7549. Pp. 126-131

Negrin, L. (2008). Appearance and Identity: Fashioning the Body in Postmodernity, New York: PALGRAVE Macmillan

Parikka, J. (2012). What is Media Archaeology, Cambridge UK: Polity Press

Prosser, J. (1998). Image-Based Research: A Sourcebook for Qualitative Researches, Philadelphia, USA: Routledge

Robinson, K. (2009). Gender, Islam And Democracy in Indonesia, London & New York: Routledge

Rose, G. (2001). Visual Methodologies: An Introduction to the Interpretation of Visual Materials, London; SAGE Publications

Said, E. (1978). Orientalism, London: Routledge

Silver, D & Massanari, A (eds). (2006). Critical Cyberculture Studies, New York & London: New York University Press

Shilling, C. (1993). The Body and Social Theory. California: SAGE Publications

Smith, G. (2008). A Short History of Secularism, London: I.B Tauris & Co Ltd

Sturken, M & Cartwright, L. (2001). Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Turner, B.S. (1994). Orientalism, Postmodernism and Globalism, London and New York: Routledge

Uricchio, W. (2004). Cultural Citizenship in the Age of P2P Networks. Media Cultures in a Changing Europe. Bristol: Intellect Press, Ltd). pp. 139-164

Woodward, M. (2011), Java, Indonesia and Islam, USA: Springer




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25139/jsk.v3i2.1601

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed By:

 

   

  

  

  

 

 

.

JSK' StatCounter Report