Social media power for protest in Indonesia: The Yogyakarta’s #gejayanmemanggil case study

  • Nagoya University
Abstract views: 893 , PDF downloads: 631
Keywords: social media, civil movement, #gejayanmemanggil

Abstract

Hashtag #GejayanMemanggil (Gejayan is Calling) became a trending topic on social media one day before the protest against several problematic laws, and the bills that were going to be passed. At that time, activists had successfully circulated the issues to the public through social media. As a result, at least 5000 protesters had joined in the protest in Yogyakarta. This phenomenon showed activeness of Indonesia’s civil society in the movement by involving digital media technologies. The author argued that social media allows the citizens, either communal or individual, to disseminate the issue and encourage others to join the protest in such short notice. This article aims to describe the role of social media and the impact of mobilisation through social media through the hashtag #GejayanMemanggil in the Yogyakarta movement. The qualitative method was employed to examine the phenomenon of the protests and to describe the role of social media. The data in this study was taken from online news, the official account of the movement, and blog posts. The results indicated that social media has the potential to trigger Indonesians to express their willingness and participate in activism.

Author Biography

, Nagoya University
Ph.D. Student at Graduate School of International Development (GSID), Nagoya University.

References

Asif, A., & Yousufi, M. (2014). Social Media, Arab Spring and its Implications for Pakistan. European Journal of Scientific Research, 123(4), 396–403.
Baslon, H. (2019, October 9). #GejayanMemanggil: Perihal Panggilan Moral Kaum Intelektual Publik di Tengah Aktivisme Kemanusiaan. Gejayan Memanggil. https://medium.com/suara-rakyat-bergerak/gejayanmemanggil-perihal-panggilan-moral-kaum-intelektual-publik-di-tengah-aktivisme-kemanusiaan-2dd7f097cbd4
Cammaerts, B. (2015). Social Media and Activism. In M. Robin & P. Hwa (Eds.), The International Encyclopedia of Digital Communication and Society, 1 (3), pp. 1027–1034). Wiley-Blackwell.
Darmawan, P. (2019, October 20). #GejayanMemanggil: Information Flow and Free-riders in Political Protest. CFDS (Center for Digital Society). http://cfds.fisipol.ugm.ac.id/digital-intelligence/paska-darmawan-gejayan-memanggil/
Eren-Erdoğmuş, İ., & Ergun, S. (2017). The Impact of Social Media on Social Movements: The Case of Anti-Consumption. In Gordon. S, (Ed), Online Communities as Agents of Change and Social Movements, 224–252. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-2495-3.ch009
Erwanti, M. O. (2019, September 26). Menristek Akan Sanksi Rektor Jika Ada Pengerahan Mahasiswa untuk Demo. detiknews. https://news.detik.com/berita/d-4722708/menristek-akan-sanksi-rektor-jika-ada-pengerahan-mahasiswa-untuk-demo
Fahmi, I. (2019, September 23). #GejayanMemanggil Drone Emprit Pers. https://pers.droneemprit.id/gejayanmemanggil/
Gusmian, I. (2007). Sejarah Melawan Lupa. In B. T. Wardaya., et al. (Eds.), Menguak Misteri Kekuasaan Soeharto. pp 270-290 . Galangpress.
Harrison, H., Birks, M., Franklin, R., & Mills, J. (2017). Case Study Research: Foundations and Methodological Orientations. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung, 18(1),1-19. https://doi.org/10.17169/fqs-18.1.2655
Haryanto, B., Ruldeviyani, Y., Rohman, F., T.N, J. D., Magdalena, R., & Muhamad, Y. F. (2019). Facebook Analysis of Community Sentiment on 2019 Indonesian Presidential Candidates from Facebook Opinion Data. Procedia Computer Science, 2019 (161), 715–722. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2019.11.175
Jurriëns, E., & Tapsell, R. (2017). Challenges and Opportunities of the Digital “Revolution” in Indonesia. In Jurriëns, E., & Tapsell, R (Eds). Digital Indonesia Connectivity and Divergence, 1, p. 1. ISEAS.
Konco, T. (21 October 2019). Gejayan Memanggil—Siapa Aliansi Rakyat Bergerak? (No.33). www.stitcher.com/podcast/anchor-podcasts/temukonco/e/64737082. https://www.stitcher.com/s?eid=64737082
Lim, M. (2013). Many Clicks but Little Sticks: Social Media Activism in Indonesia. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 43(4), 636–657. https://doi.org/10.1080/00472336.2013.769386
Lim, M. (2014). Seeing Spatially: People, Networks and Movements in Digital and Urban Spaces. Liverpool University Press, 36(1), 51–72. https://doi.org/10.3828/idpr.2014.4
Maksum, A., & Bustami, R. (2014). The 1965 Coup and Reformasi 1998: Two Critical Moments in Indonesia-Malaysia Relations During and After the Cold War. SpringerPlus, 3(45), 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-3-45
Media, K. C. (2019, September 23). Cuma Trending Sehari, Kok #GejayanMemanggil Bisa Gerakkan Ribuan Massa?. KOMPAS.com. https://www.kompas.com/tren/read/2019/09/23/203000265/cuma-trending-sehari-kok-gejayanmemanggil-bisa-gerakkan-ribuan-massa-
Nofrima, S., Nurmandi, A., Dewi, D. K., & Salahudin, S. (2020). Cyber-activism on the dissemination of #Gejayanmemanggil: Yogyakarta’s student movement. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi, 4(1), 103–116. https://doi.org/10.25139/jsk.v4i1.2091
Nugroho, Y., & Syarief, S. S. (2012), Beyond Click-Activism? New Media and Political Processes in Contemporary Indonesia. Fesmedia Asia. https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/asia-media/09240.pdf
Postill, J., & Saputro, K. (2017). Digital Activism in Contemporary Indonesia: Victims, Volunteers, and Voices. In E. Jurriëns & R. Tapsell (Eds.), Digital Indonesia: Connectivity and Divergence, 1, pp. 127–145. ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute.
Sabandar, S. (2019, September 24). Saat Gejayan Memanggil Ribuan Mahasiswa DIY Berkumpul.Liputan6.com.https://www.liputan6.com/regional/read/4069768/saat-gejayan-memanggil-ribuan-mahasiswa-diy-berkumpul
Sen, K., & Hill, D. T. (2007). Media, Culture, and Politics in Indonesia (1st ed.). Equinox Publishing Indonesia.
Suwana, F. (2018). Digital Media and Indonesian Young People: Building Sustainable Democratic Institutions and Practices [Ph.D.Thesis, Queensland University of Technology]. https://doi.org/10.5204/thesis.eprints.117670
Tapsell, R. (2017). Media Power in Indonesia: Oligarchs, Citizens, and the Digital Revolution. Rowman & Littlefield.
Wardhana B, A. (2019, December 7). Laporan Akhir Penggunaan Dana Donasi. kitabisa.com. https://kitabisa.com/campaign/aspirasimahasiswa/latest-news
Wong, T. J. (2019, March 18). How Indonesians embrace the digital world. The Jakarta Post.https://www.thejakartapost.com/academia/2019/03/18/how-indonesians-embrace-the-digital-world.html
Published
2020-11-05
How to Cite
(2020). Social media power for protest in Indonesia: The Yogyakarta’s #gejayanmemanggil case study. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi, 4(3), 541-552. https://doi.org/10.25139/jsk.v4i3.2438
Section
Articles