Elderly care in the society 5.0 and kaigo rishoku in Japanese hyper-ageing society

Putri Elsy

Abstract


The Japanese demography is drastically changing. It has seen a rapid increase in the elderly population and a decrease in the birth rate. This caused Japan to be a hyper-ageing society. Japanese’s first Baby-boomers who were born in 1947-1949 are now entering old age. Elderly care is a major problem in Japan. Children and care-workers for elderly parents are scarce. Therefore, the second Baby-boomers (born in 1971-1974) aged 40-50 years old have quit working to care for their elderly parents. This situation is known as ‘kaigo rishoku.’ This study looked into the practice of elderly care in Japanese 5.0 Society. Society 5.0 is a concept developed by Japan. It is human-centred and technology-based. In society 5.0, robots and the internet play an essential role in human life. Therefore, we proposed a critical question: Can robots replace humans to care for the elderly in Society 5.0? This study used the qualitative method with a phenomenological approach and descriptive analysis. The results revealed that although robots can assist elderly care, due to the high cost, only a certain elderly can buy them. Therefore, in order for robots to become caregivers of the future, mass production is needed. Thus, robots can be marketed at relatively lower prices. However, sick elderly who live alone still need human assistance. On the one hand, technology helps human life in Society 5.0. On the other hand, the human touch is still necessary for elderly care.

Keywords


society 5.0; elderly care; Japanese elderly; Japan’s Baby-boomers; caregiving robots

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achir, Y. C. A. (2001). Problematik dan Solusi Lansia Indonesia Menyongsong Abad ke-21 dalam Bunga Rampai Psikologi Perkembangan Pribadi dari bayi sampai lanjut usia (S. C. U. Munandar (ed.)). UI Press.

Adachi, M., Ishida, R., & Oka, G. (2015). Japan: Lessons from a hyperaging society. In McKinsey Quarterly (Issue 2, pp. 8–13).

Atsumi, N. (2013, August). Maitoshi 10 Man nin ga Kaigo Rishoku, Mitomerareru Keahara Taiou (Every year 100,000 people leave their jobs for nursing care and respond to required care harassment). Nihon Keizai Shinbun.

Befu, H. (1971). Japan An Anthropological Introduction. Chandler Publishing Company.

Bloomberg, N. (2015, December). Japanese baby boomers struggle to balance careers with elder care: “Society needs a complete rethink.” National Post.

Chen, B. K., Jalal, H., Hashimoto, H., Suen, S. C., Eggleston, K., Hurley, M., Schoemaker, L., & Bhattacharya, J. (2016a). Forecasting trends in disability in a super-aging society: Adapting the Future Elderly Model to Japan. Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 8, 42–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeoa.2016.06.001

Chen, B. K., Jalal, H., Hashimoto, H., Suen, S. C., Eggleston, K., Hurley, M., Schoemaker, L., & Bhattacharya, J. (2016b). Forecasting trends in disability in a super-aging society: Adapting the Future Elderly Model to Japan. Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 8, 42–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeoa.2016.06.001

Coulmas, F. (2007). Population decline and ageing in Japan - The social consequences. In Population Decline and Ageing in Japan - The Social Consequences. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203962022

Cyberdyne. Inc. (2020). HAL Lumbar.

Denzin, N. K. (2011). The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research 1 (3rd ed.). Pustaka Pelajar.

Elsy, P. (2012). Dinamika Lansia di Jepang. Iluni Press.

Foster, M. (2018, March). Aging Japan: Robots may have role in future of elder care. Reuters, 1–21. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-japan-ageing-robots-widerimage/aging-japan-robots-may-have-role-in-future-of-elder-care-idUSKBN1H33AB

Fukuyama, M. (2018). Society 5.0: Aiming for a New Human-centered Society. Japan SPOTLIGHT, 27(Society 5.0), 47–50. http://www8.cao.go.jp/cstp/%0Ahttp://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=108487927&site=ehost-live

Gladden, M. E. (2019). Who will be the members of Society 5.0? Towards an anthropology of technologically posthumanized future societies. Social Sciences, 8(5), 148. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8050148

Haryanto, S. (2012). Spektrum Teori Sosial dari Klasik hingga Postmodern. Ar-Ruzz Media.

Intelligent System. (2019). Paro.

Japan Government. (2018). Realising Society 5.0. Japan Target, teknologi, 5.

JCast. (2013). Kigyō keiei yurugasu tairyō `kaigo rishoku’ jidai! Rōshin no sewa de shigoto tsudzuke rarenai (Massive “care leave” era that shakes corporate management! I can’t continue to work because of my old parents).

JSPS. (2016). Japan’s Fifth Science and Technology Basic Plan. In JSPS Quarterly, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (Issue Summer). https://www8.cao.go.jp/cstp/english/basic/5thbasicplan_outline.pdf

Keidanren. (2016). Toward realisation of the new economy and society. Policy & Action, 2016, 1–25. http://www.keidanren.or.jp/en/policy/2016/029_outline.pdf

Kotobank. (2020). Kaigo Rishoku.

Nakane, C. (1970). Japanese society (Vol. 74). Univ of California Press.

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Japan. (2014a). Statistical Handbook of Japan. In Statistic Japan. http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/40020004446/

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Japan. (2014b). Statistical Handbook of Japan. In Statistic Japan. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/40020004446/

Mochizuki, M. (2013, December). Tokushu. Kaigo rishoku dai 1-bu sutoppu za kaigorishoku (Feature: Nursing care part 1 stop the nursing care career). Weekly Economist.

Muramatsu, N & Akiyama, H. (2011). Japan: Super Aging Society Preparing for the Future. The Gerontologist, 51(4), 425–432. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnr067

Panasonic. (2014). Care Service Robot is First in the World to Obtain ISO13482.

Paro Robots. (2014). Paro.

Ritzer, G. (2014). Teori Sosiologi Modern. Prenadamedia Grup.

SoftBank Robotics. (2020). Pepper.

White, M. I., Kumagai, F., & Keyser, D. J. (1997). Unmasking Japan Today: The Impact of Traditional Values on Modern Japanese Society. Journal of Japanese Studies, 23(2), 459. https://doi.org/10.2307/133174

YomiDr. (2011, December). Fueru “Kaigorishoku” (jou) oya wo sewa, hataraki- moriga..(Increasing care leave (above) caring for parents). Yomiuri Shinbun.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25139/jsk.v4i2.2448

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed By:

 

   

  

  

  

 

 

.

JSK' StatCounter Report