Regulasi terhadap penipuan identitas: studi fenomena ‘catfish’ pada social networking sites (sns)

Novy Sartika Putri Sari Dewi, Irwansyah Irwansyah

Abstract


The development of Social Networking Sites have affected the users. One phenomena is identity deception, widely known as 'catfish.’ Catfish appears because users can choose their own identities on social networking sites. Users may choose an identity that is considered ideal identity, even though it does not reflect the reality. In this situation, identity is being constructed and used to achieve something. This can be a threat for social networking sites users because it can be considered an infringement in the use of social networking sites. This study discuss the regulation made by the Indonesian government to deal with the threat of catfish as a form of identity deception. The research method used was the qualitative method.

Keywords


: social networking sites; identity deception; catfish; government regulation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdulahi, A., Samadi, B., & Gharleghi, B. (2014). A Study on the Negative Effects of Social Networking Sites Such as Facebook among Asia Pacific University Scholars in Malaysia Sustainable entrepreneurs: who they are? View project E Commerce Implementation on Iranian SMEs View project A Study on the Nega. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 5(10), 133–145. Retrieved from www.ijbssnet.com

Adam, A. (2017, March 12). Catfishing: Tipu Muslihat Gebetan Khayalan Baca selengkapnya di Tirto.id dengan judul “Catfishing: Tipu Muslihat Gebetan Khayalan”, https://tirto.id/catfishing-tipu-muslihat-gebetan-khayalan-ckvT. Follow kami di Instagram: tirtoid | Twitter: tirto.id. Tirto.Id. Retrieved from https://tirto.id/catfishing-tipu-muslihat-gebetan-khayalan-ckvT

Alshenqeeti, H. (2014). Interviewing as a Data Collection Method: A Critical Review. English Linguistics Research, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.5430/elr.v3n1p39

Anwar, F. (2017). Perubahan dan Permasalahan Media Sosial. Jurnal Muara Ilmu Sosial, Humaniora Dan Seni, 1(1), 137–144. Retrieved from journal.untar.ac.id/index.php/jmishumsen/article/download/343/284%0A

Boyd, D. M., & Ellison, N. B. (2007a). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), 210–230. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00393.x

Boyd, D. M., & Ellison, N. B. (2007b). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), 210–230. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00393.x

Burke, P. J., & Stets, J. E. (2009). Identity Theory (1st ed.). Oxford University Press.

Catfish Definition. (n.d.). Retrieved May 22, 2019, from Mirriam Webster website: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/catfish

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2018). The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Reasearch. In Synthese (Vol. 195). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-017-1319-x

Diandra. (2017). Pemerintah ingin media sosial dimanfaatkan untuk hal produktif. Retrieved May 25, 2019, from https://www.kominfo.go.id/content/detail/8637/pemerintah-ingin-media-sosial-dimanfaatkan-untuk-hal-produktif/0/sorotan_media

Donath, J. S. (1998). Identity and Deception in the Virtual Community. In P. Kollock & M. Smith (Eds.), Communities in Cyberspace. (1st ed., pp. 27–53). Routledge.

Dowling, S. J. (2011). Constructing Identity Identity Construction. Georgia State University.

Duhita, S. (2018). Pengakuan ’ Faker ’ Online , Sanggup Memperdaya Orang Agar Mau Pacaran Tanpa Ketemuan. Vice Indonesia. Retrieved from https://www.vice.com/id_id/article/gym5z4/pengakuan-faker-online-sanggup-memperdaya-orang-agar-mau-pacaran-tanpa-ketemuan

Ellison, N., Heino, R., & Gibbs, J. (2006). Managing Impressions Online: Self-Presentation Processes in the Online Dating Environment. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 11(2), 415–441. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2006.00020.x

Finkel, E. J., Eastwick, P. W., Karney, B. R., Reis, H. T., & Sprecher, S. (2012). Online Dating: A Critical Analysis From the Perspective of Psychological Science. In Psychological Science in the Public Interest, Supplement (Vol. 13). https://doi.org/10.1177/1529100612436522

Frost-Arnold, K. (2016). Social Media, Trust, and the Epistemology of Prejudice. Social Epistemology, 30(5–6), 513–531. https://doi.org/10.1080/02691728.2016.1213326

Goffman, E. (1958). The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (1, Ed.). https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1989.4279016

Hildebrandt, L. (2015). Media and Self Representative Perceptions : Deception in Online Dating. Pace University, 1–65. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/honorscollege_theses%0Ahttp://digitalcommons.pace.edu/honorscollege_theses/149

Kayes, I., & Iamnitchi, A. (2017). A Survey on Privacy and Security in Online Social Networks. Online Social Networks and Media, 3(4), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.osnem.2017.09.001

Light, B., & McGrath, K. (2010). Ethics and social networking sites: A disclosive analysis of Facebook. Information Technology & People, 23(4), 290–311. https://doi.org/10.1108/09593841011087770

Long, P., & Wall, T. (2009). Investigating Audiences: What do people do with media? In Media Studies (2nd ed., p. 536). Routledge.

Magdy, W., Elkhatib, Y., Tyson, G., Joglekar, S., & Sastry, N. (2017). Fake it till you make it: Fishing for Catfishes. In IEEE/ACM (Ed.), International Conference on advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining (pp. 479–504). Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1705.06530

Manning, J. (2014). Definition and Classes of Social Media. Encyclopedia of Social Media and Politics, (January 2014). https://doi.org/10.4135/9781452244723.n485

McGeer, V. (2008). Trust, hope and empowerment. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 86(2), 237–254. https://doi.org/10.1080/00048400801886413

Narwoko, J. D., & Suyanto, B. (2011). Sosiologi: Teks Pengantar dan Terapan (4th ed.). Jakarta: Kencana.

Noor, S. A., Djaba, T., & Enomoto, C. E. (2016). The Role of Social Networking Websites: Do They Connect People Through Marriage or Are They Responsible for Divorce? Journal of International Social Issues, 4(1), 40–49.

Pemerintah Indonesia. Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik. , Pub. L. No. Undang-Undang Nomor 16 Tahun 2016, 1 (2016).

Prastyphylia, D. N. (2014). Catfish : Permainan Identitas dan Muslihat Berkedok Anonimitas. Surabaya.

Reynolds, G. W. (2014). Ethics in Information Technology. In Business Ethics (5th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Rizka, A. (2018). Macam-macam Kasus Penipuan Oleh Akun Palsu Cewek Cantik . Ternyata Alasannya Nggak Selalu Soal Uang ! Hipwee.Com. Retrieved from https://www.hipwee.com/hiburan/cowok/macam-macam-kasus-penipuan-oleh-akun-palsu-cewek-cantik-ternyata-alasannya-nggak-selalu-soal-uang/

Rosidah. (2017). Kominfo Bantah Wacana ’ Satu Pengguna Satu Akun Sosial Media ’. Retrieved May 25, 2019, from Kementrian Komunikasi dan Informatika website: https://kominfo.go.id/content/detail/9381/kominfo-bantah-wacana-satu-pengguna-satu-akun-sosial-media/0/sorotan_media

Rusmana, A. (2015). Penipuan Dalam Interaksi Melalui Interaksi Media Sosial. Jurnal Kajian Informasi Dan Peroustakaan, 3(2), 187–194.

Sari, W. P., & Kusuma, R. S. (2018). Presentasi Diri dalam Kencan Online pada Situs dan Aplikasi Setipe dan Tinder. Mediator, 11(2), 155–164.

Scamwatch.au. (n.d.). Dating & Romance Scam Statistic. Retrieved July 24, 2019, from https://www.scamwatch.gov.au/about-scamwatch/scam-statistics?scamid=13&date=2019

Skak, B. (2017). Hati Hati di Internet. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPTJ9QFevHM

Smith, L. R., Smith, K. D., & Blazka, M. (2017). Follow Me, What’s the Harm? Considerations of Catfishing and Utilizing Fake Online Personas on Social Media. Journal of Legal Aspects of Sport, 27(1), 32–45. https://doi.org/10.1123/jlas.2016-0020

Synnott, A. (2003). Tubuh Sosial: Simbolisme, Diri dan Masyarakat (1st ed.). Jalasutra.

Tsikerdekis, M., & Zeadally, S. (2015). Detection and Prevention of Online Identity Deception in Social Networking Services ( SNSs ). IEEE Internet Computing, 19(3), 1–22.

Van Dijck, J. (2013). Facebook and the engineering of connectivity: A multi-layered approach to social media platforms. Convergence, 19(2), 141–155. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354856512457548

Vanderstoep, S. W., & Johnston, D. D. (2009). Research Methods for Everyday Life: Blending Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. In Jossey-Bass (1st ed., Vol. 702). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-61737-960-4_9

Wani Ahmad, M., Ahmad Sofi, M., & Yousuf Wani, S. (2017). Why Fake Profiles: A study of Anomalous users in different categories of Online Social Networks. International Journal of Engineering Technology Science and Research, 4(9), 320–329. Retrieved from www.ijetsr.com




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25139/jsk.v5i1.2612

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed By:

 

   

  

  

  

 

 

.

JSK' StatCounter Report