Analysis of patron-client political communication in building a network of political power in the village community

  • Suyono Suyono Airlangga University
  • Kris Nugroho Airlangga University
  • Dwi Windyastuti Airlangga University
Keywords: Political Communication, Patron-Client, The Role of Local Actors, Power in Village, Leadership Authority and Charisma,

Abstract

This study aimed to explore political communication in the building of political power networks in Jenggrik Village, Kedunggalar District, Ngawi Regency during the village head elections (village head election) from 1998 to 2019 from patron-client relations perspective. Political communication occurs through village elites and village community leaders. Political communication happens between the village head and his community members. This study was a descriptive study using a qualitative research method. This study sought to understand the processes and facts about political communication that shapes community loyalty and the leaders in Jenggrik Village, Kedunggalar District who have economic and non-economic power. The findings and conclusions of this study supported Max Weber's notion on Charismatic Leadership as well as Sartono Kartodirjo’s research which stated that the loyalty of village communities (clients) is formed because of village heads (patrons) for material (economic) and non-material (non-economic) reasons, such as authority and charisma of the leader; distribution of benefits from individuals or groups in exchange for political support; the loyalty of village communities, according to Jonathan Hopkins; also material factors such as financial aid, village physical infrastructure development assistance, or other economic assistance, according to James C. Scott and Ahimsa.

References

Adams, C., & Neef, A. (2019). Patrons of disaster: The role of political patronage in flood response in the Solomon Islands. World Development Perspectives, 15(July). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wdp.2019.100128
Animasawun, G. A. (2016). Olusola Saraki, Charismatic Leadership, and Patron-Client Relations in Modern Ilorin. Governance and the Crisis of Rule in Contemporary Africa, 265–293. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-56686-7_12
Bedran-martins, A. M., & Carmen, M. (2017). Politics of drought under Bolsa Família program in Northeast Brazil. World Development Perspectives, 7–8(March), 15–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wdp.2017.10.003
Bhavnani, R. R., & Jensenius, F. R. (2019). Voting for development ? Ruling coalitions and literacy in India. Electoral Studies, 62, 102069. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2019.102069
Boado-Penas, M. del C., Settergren, O., Ekheden, E., & Naka, P. (2019). Sweden’s Fifteen Years of Communication Efforts. Progress and Challenges of Nonfinancial Defined Contribution Pension Schemes: Volume 2. Addressing Gender, Administration, and Communication, 1925, 217–237. https://doi.org/10.1596/978-1-4648-1455-6_ch26
Boeri, T., Cozzolino, M., & Di Porto, E. (2019). Setting Up a Communication Package for the Italian NDC. Progress and Challenges of Nonfinancial Defined Contribution Pension Schemes: Volume 2. Addressing Gender, Administration, and Communication, 1926, 239–258. https://doi.org/10.1596/978-1-4648-1455-6_ch27
Carney, R. W., Child, T. B., & Li, X. (2020). Board connections and crisis performance: Family, state, and political networks. Journal of Corporate Finance, 101630. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2020.101630
Corduneanu-Huci, C., & Hamilton, A. (2018). Selective Control: The Political Economy of Censorship. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, 8556.
Corriveau, L. (2018). The constitution of patron–client relations and patronage appointments: a study of open and limited access. Constitutional Political Economy, 29(3), 268–280. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10602-018-9266-1
Deuskar, C. (2019). Clientelism and Planning in the Informal Settlements of Developing Democracies. Journal of Planning Literature, 34(4), 395–407. https://doi.org/10.1177/0885412219842520
Elliott, C. (2016). Clientelism and the Democratic Deficit. https://doi.org/10.1177/2321023016634915
Epley, J. L. (2015). Weber’s Theory of Charismatic Leadership: The Case of Muslim Leaders in Contemporary Indonesian Politics. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 5(7), 7–17.
Evans, D. K., & Yuan, F. (2019). Equivalent Years of Schooling A Metric to Communicate Learning Gains in Concrete Terms. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, February.
Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Hubungan Kemitraan Antara Petani Budidaya Jamur Tiram Dengan Cv. Asa Agro Corporation. (2017). Agroscience, 7(1), 214–219.
Fitriyah, N., Sarwoprasodjo, S., Sjaf, S., & Soetarto, E. (2019). Interaksi Politik Jawara dalam Pembangunan Perspektif Tindakan Komunikatif. Warta ISKI, 2(02), 104–116. https://doi.org/10.25008/wartaiski.v2i02.40
Flores, P. L. (2018). Social media ’ s influence on political communication : a content analysis of donald trump ’ s tweets in the first 100 days of his presidency a thesis by priscilla l . Flores submitted to the graduate college of the university of texas rio grande valley I. May.
Frederiksen, T. (2019). Political settlements, the mining industry and corporate social responsibility in developing countries. Extractive Industries and Society, 6(1), 162–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2018.07.007
Gadavanij, S. (2020). Contentious polities and political polarization in Thailand: Post-Thaksin reflections. Discourse and Society, 31(1), 44–63. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926519877695
Hartati. (2019). Botoh dalam Pilkada: Studi Pola Kerja dan Transformasi Botoh dalam Pilkada Kudus 2018. Jurnal PolGov, 1(1), 121. https://doi.org/10.22146/polgov.v1i1.48301
Hashemi, N. (2019). Oppositional politics & gramsci ’ s civil society : patron- clientelism in jordan and value-centered scholarship Presented to the Faculty of the Josef Korbel School of International Studies University of Denver In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements f. August.
Hidayat, E., Prasetyo, B., & Yuwana, S. (2019). Runtuhnya Politik Oligarki dalam Pemilihan Kepala Desa: Kekalahan Incumbent pada Pilkades Tanjung Kabupaten Kediri. Jurnal Politik. https://doi.org/10.7454/jp.v4i1.193
Hopkin, J. (2016). Clientelism and party politics. January 2006. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781848608047.n35
JACKSON, M. N. (2018). Elite identity and political mobilization : the effect of role congruence and identity congruence on political activism in africa a dissertation submitted to the department of political science and the committee of graduate studies of stanford university. June.
Jiang, J. (2016). Fragmented unity: Patronage politics and authoritarian resilience in China. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, August, 204.
Joshua Leis. (2017). Decision-making in international patron-client relationships by Joshua Leis A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the school of government and public policy in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of arts with a major in interna.
Jusmiati. (2017). Analisis pelaksanaan kebijakan pemilihan kepala desa secara serentak di kecamatan rantau pulung kabupaten kutai timur 1. Jurnal Administrative Reform, 43, 160–169.
Khemani, S. (2017). Demand and Supply Curves in Political Markets: Understanding the Problem of Public Goods and Why Governments Fail Them. October. https://doi.org/10.1596/1813-9450-8213
Kusumawati, R., & Visser, L. (2016). Capturing the Elite in Marine Conservation in Northeast Kalimantan. Human Ecology, 44(3), 301–310. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-016-9830-0
Kuswanto, H. (2014). Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Demokasi Politik. Ilmu Pemerintahan Dan Sosial Politik, 2 (1) (201(1), 77–90. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31289/jppuma.v2i1.582
Loewe, M., Zintl, T., & Houdret, A. (2020). The social contract as a tool of analysis : Introduction to the special issue on ‘‘ Framing the evolution of new social contracts in Middle Eastern and North African countries ” q. World Development, xxxx, 104982. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.104982
Méndez-Lemus, Y., Vieyra, A., & Poncela, L. (2017). Peri-urban local governance? Intra-government relationships and social capital in a peripheral municipality of Michoacán, Mexico. Progress in Development Studies, 17(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464993416674297
Mvukiyehe, E. (2017). Can Media Interventions Reduce Gender Gaps in Political Participation after Civil War? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Rural Liberia. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, 7942(January), 1–16.
Pauwelussen, A. (2016). Community as network: exploring a relational approach to social resilience in coastal Indonesia. Maritime Studies, 15(1), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40152-016-0041-5
Priyono, A. (2014). Demokratisasi Desa : Situs Baru Politik Partisipatoris ?
Radjab, M. (2019). Analysis of the patron-client relationship in seaweed cultivation systems in the regency of jeneponto , indonesia : a study of embeddedness. 12(01), 15–24.
Rizal, M. (2016). Artikel hasil penelitian melawan kemiskinan struktuR. Universitas Negeri Makasar.
Rosser, A., & Fahmi, M. (2016). The Political Economy of Teacher Management in Decentralized Indonesia. International Journal of Educational Development, 61(7913), 72–81. https://doi.org/10.1596/1813-9450-7913
Rudiadi, & Herawati, R. (2017). Pemilihan kepala desa serentak dalam perspektif otonomi desa (Studi Kasus Pelaksanaan Pemilihan Kepala Desa Serentak Tahun 2016 di Kabupaten Rokan Hilir, Provinsi Riau). Law Reform, 13(1), 132. https://doi.org/10.14710/lr.v13i1.15956
Sabloff, P. L. W. (2018). How Pre-modern State Rulers Used Marriage to Reduce the Risk of Losing at War: A Comparison of Eight States. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 25(2), 426–452. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10816-017-9342-2
Sartono kartodirdjo. (2014). Ratu Adil Kuasa dan Pemberontakan di Nusantara.
Sukmajatii, E. A. dan M. (2013). patronase dan politik identitsas dalam Masyarakat Majemuk Banga Belitung. Polgov UGM, 53(9), 1689–1699. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
Sy-Sahande, S. (2019). Taxing clients : the politics of local taxation in benin sanata sy-sahande a dissertation presented to the faculty of princeton university in candidacy for the degree of doctor of philosophy recommended for acceptance by the department of politics adviser. June.
Tettey, W. J. (2017). Mobile telephony and democracy in Ghana: Interrogating the changing ecology of citizen engagement and political communication. Telecommunications Policy, 41(7–8), 685–694. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.telpol.2017.05.012
Veenendaal, W. (2019). How Smallness Fosters Clientelism: A Case Study of Malta. Political Studies, 67(4), 1034–1052. https://doi.org/10.1177/0032321719828275
Widayanto, Y. (2013). Model perumusan kebijakan pendukung pengembangan industri kakao berbasis kinerja driver rantai pasok.
Wozf, E. R., & Wou, E. R. (1968). Kinship in Complex Societies.pdf. 1–22.
Yusoff, M. A. (2010). Pilkada dan pemekaran daerah dalam demokrasi local di Indonesia : Local strongmen dan roving bandits. 37 2010(December).
Published
2021-02-16
How to Cite
Suyono, S., Nugroho, K., & Windyastuti, D. (2021). Analysis of patron-client political communication in building a network of political power in the village community. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi, 5(1), 110-133. https://doi.org/10.25139/jsk.v5i1.3099
Section
Articles