Partisipasi dan kepercayaan sosial daring: kebijakan vaksinasi COVID-19 di Indonesia

  • Tawakkal Baharuddin Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
  • Sjafri Sairin Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
  • Zuly Qodir Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
  • Hasse Jubba Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
  • Achmad Nurmandi Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Abstract views: 661 , PDF downloads: 634
Keywords: online social trust, online participation, Twitter, vaccine, COVID-19


The vaccination policy is a government effort to reduce the number of COVID-19 cases in Indonesia. This study aims to determine the narrative, participation, and level of social trust in the vaccination policy in online social networks. Online social networks such as Twitter are the dominant media used during the pandemic period. As for the use of the Nvivo 12 Plus analysis software, the method was chosen to maximize the results of data coding from Twitter data sources. This study indicates that low social trust can hinder vaccination policies in Indonesia. This situation also affects the community's collective interest and cooperative attitude to support the government's efforts to reduce the number of cases of COVID-19 infection.


Abdullah, I. (2020). COVID-19: Threat and Fear in Indonesia. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(5), 488–490.
Ahmad, A. R., & Murad, H. R. (2020). The impact of social media on panic during the COVID-19 pandemic in iraqi kurdistan: Online questionnaire study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(5).
Ahmad, J. (2018). Desain Penelitian Analisis Isi (Content Analysis). ResearchGate.
Ahn, D. G., Shin, H. J., Kim, M. H., Lee, S., Kim, H. S., Myoung, J., … Kim, S. J. (2020). Current status of epidemiology, diagnosis, therapeutics, and vaccines for novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 30(3), 313–324.
Aisyah, V. N. (2020). Analisis Pesan Persuasif Kelompok Cyberprotest di Twitter. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi (Indonesian Journal of Communications Studies), 4(1), 182.
Aji, A. P. (2019). The role of social media in shaping the animal protection movement in indonesia. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi (Indonesian Journal of Communications Studies), 3(3), 389.
Appel, G., Grewal, L., Hadi, R., & Stephen, A. T. (2020). The future of social media in marketing. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 48(1), 79–95.
Baharuddin, T., Salahudin, S., Sairin, S., Qodir, Z., & Jubba, H. (2021). Kampanye Antikorupsi Kaum Muda melalui Media Sosial Twitter. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 19(1), 58–77.
Balog-Way, D. H. P., & McComas, K. A. (2020). COVID-19: Reflections on trust, tradeoffs, and preparedness. Journal of Risk Research, 23(7-), 1–11.
Berhanu, K., & Raj, S. (2020). The trustworthiness of travel and tourism information sources of social media: perspectives of international tourists visiting Ethiopia. Heliyon, 6(3), e03439.
Burgess, R. A., Osborne, R. H., Yongabi, K. A., Greenhalgh, T., Gurdasani, D., Kang, G., … McKee, M. (2021). The COVID-19 vaccines rush: participatory community engagement matters more than ever. The Lancet, 397(10268), 8–10.
Caraka, R. E., Lee, Y., Kurniawan, R., Herliansyah, R., Kaban, P. A., Nasution, B. I., … Pardamean, B. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 large scale restriction on environment and economy in Indonesia. Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 6(Special Issue), 65–84.
Caserotti, M., Girardi, P., Rubaltelli, E., Tasso, A., Lotto, L., & Gavaruzzi, T. (2021). Associations of COVID-19 risk perception with vaccine hesitancy over time for Italian residents. Social Science and Medicine, 272(January), 113688.
Chen, J., Hossain, M. S., & Zhang, H. (2020). Analyzing the sentiment correlation between regular tweets and retweets. Social Network Analysis and Mining, 10(1).
Danareksa. (2021). DRI’s Pulse Check – Vaksinasi Sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Aktivitas Ekonomi – Danareksa.
Delhey, J., & Newton, K. (2003). Who trusts?: The origins of social trust in seven societies. European Societies, 5(2), 93–137.
Depoux, A., Martin, S., Karafillakis, E., Preet, R., Wilder-Smith, A., & Larson, H. (2020). The pandemic of social media panic travels faster than the COVID-19 outbreak. Journal of Travel Medicine, 27(3), 1–2.
Elgar, F. J., Stefaniak, A., & Wohl, M. J. A. (2020). Response to Lindström (2020) on “The trouble with trust: Time-series analysis of social capital, income inequality, and COVID-19 deaths in 84 countries.” Social Science and Medicine, 265(October), 19–21.
Fuadi, A. (2020). Social media power for protest in Indonesia: The Yogyakarta’s #gejayanmemanggil case study. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi (Indonesian Journal of Communications Studies), 4(3), 541.
Geise, S., Heck, A., & Panke, D. (2020). The Effects of Digital Media Images on Political Participation Online: Results of an Eye-Tracking Experiment Integrating Individual Perceptions of “Photo News Factors.” Policy and Internet, 13(1), 54–85.
Gibson, R. K., Lusoli, W., & Ward, S. J. (2005). Online participation in the UK: Testing a “contextualised” model of Internet effects. British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 7(4), 561–583.
Grabner-Kräuter, S., & Bitter, S. (2015). Trust in online social networks: A multifaceted perspective. Forum for Social Economics, 44(1), 48–68.
Hartnett, M. (2020). Relationships between online motivation, participation, and achievement: More complex than you might think. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 24(1), 75–88.
Hidayat, D., Anisti, Purwadhi, & Wibawa, D. (2020). Crisis management and communication experience in education during the covid – 19 pandemic in indonesia. Jurnal Komunikasi: Malaysian Journal of Communication, 36(3), 67–82.
Ing, E. B., Xu, Q. A., Salimi, A., & Torun, N. (2020). Physician deaths from corona virus (COVID-19) disease. Occupational Medicine, 70(5), 370–374.
Jara, C. P., Velloso, L. A., & Araújo, E. P. de. (2021). Optimizing covid-19 vaccine usage. MedRxiv.
Jennings, F. J., Suzuki, V. P., & Hubbard, A. (2020). Social Media and Democracy: Fostering Political Deliberation and Participation. Western Journal of Communication, 00(00), 1–21.
Jubba, H., Baharuddin, T., Pabbajah, M., & Qodir, Z. (2020). Dominasi Internet di Ruang Publik : Studi Terhadap Penyebaran Wacana Gerakan Bela Islam 212 di Indonesia. Al Izzah: Jurnal Hasil-Hasil Penelitian, 15(1), 1–13.
Kennedy, R., Sokhey, A. E., Abernathy, C., Esterling, K. M., Lazer, D. M. J., Lee, A., … Neblo, M. A. (2021). Demographics and (Equal?) Voice: Assessing Participation in Online Deliberative Sessions. Political Studies, 69(1), 66–88.
Kim, J. H., Marks, F., & Clemens, J. D. (2021). Looking beyond COVID-19 vaccine phase 3 trials. Nature Medicine, 27(February), 205–211.
Kye, B., & Hwang, S. J. (2020). Social trust in the midst of pandemic crisis: Implications from COVID-19 of South Korea. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 68, 100523.
Lazarus, J. V., Ratzan, S. C., Palayew, A., Gostin, L. O., Larson, H. J., Rabin, K., … El-Mohandes, A. (2020). A global survey of potential acceptance of a COVID-19 vaccine. Nature Medicine, 27(February).
Lee, Y., & Schachter, H. L. (2019). Exploring the Relationship between Trust in Government and Citizen Participation. International Journal of Public Administration, 42(5), 405–416.
Limaye, R. J., Sauer, M., Ali, J., Bernstein, J., Wahl, B., Barnhill, A., & Labrique, A. (2020). Building trust while influencing online COVID-19 content in the social media world. The Lancet Digital Health, 2(6), e277–e278.
Liu, C., Zhou, Q., Li, Y., Garner, L. V., Watkins, S. P., Carter, L. J., … Albaiu, D. (2020). Research and Development on Therapeutic Agents and Vaccines for COVID-19 and Related Human Coronavirus Diseases. ACS Central Science, 6(3), 315–331.
Loomba, S., de Figueiredo, A., Piatek, S. J., de Graaf, K., & Larson, H. J. (2021). Measuring the impact of COVID-19 vaccine misinformation on vaccination intent in the UK and USA. Nature Human Behaviour, 5(March).
Machmud, M., Masmuh, A., Nasirin, C., Salahudin, Baharuddin, T., & Musma, A. E. Z. (2020). Artificial Intelligence In The Public Health Sector : The Use Of Telemedicine In Indonesia During Covid-19. Palarch, Journal Of Archaeology Of Egypt/Egyptology, 17(7), 10106–10118.
McAteer, J., Yildirim, I., & Chahroudi, A. (2020). The VACCINES act: Deciphering vaccine hesitancy in the time of COVID-19. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 71(15), 703–705.
MUI. (2021). Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia Nomor : 02 Tahun 2021 Tentang Produk Vaksin Covid-19. Akses 25 Maret,
Mulyana, D., & Yaputra, A. (2020). The contestation of cultural claims in online media between Malaysia and Indonesia. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi (Indonesian Journal of Communications Studies), 4(2), 344.
Nofrima, S., Nurmandi, A., Kusuma Dewi, D., & Salahudin, S. (2020). Cyber-activism on the dissemination of #Gejayanmemanggil: Yogyakarta’s student movement. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi (Indonesian Journal of Communications Studies), 4(1), 103.
Ognyanova, K., Chen, N. N., & Ball-rokeach, S. (2013). Online Participation in a Community Context: Civic Engagement and Connections to Local Communication Resources. International Journal of Communication, 7(0), 24.
Phillips, M., & Lu, J. (2018). A quick look at NVivo. Journal of Electronic Resources Librarianship, 30(2), 104–106. Retrieved from
Qodir, Z., Effendi, G. N., Jubba, H., Yogyakarta, U. M., Nurmandi, A., Yogyakarta, U. M., … Yogyakarta, U. M. (2020). Covid-19 and Chaos in Indonesia Social-Political. International Research Association for Talent Development and Excellence, 12(1), 4629–4642.
Rahayu, R. N., & Sensusiyati. (2021). Vaksin covid 19 di indonesia : analisis berita hoax. Jurnal Ekonomi, Sosial & Humaniora, 2(07), 39–49. Retrieved from
Rahiem, M. D. H. (2020). The emergency remote learning experience of university students in Indonesia amidst the COVID-19 crisis. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 19(6), 1–26.
Ramaswamy, S., & Seshadri, S. (2020). Children on the brink: Risks for child protection, sexual abuse, and related mental health problems in the COVID-19 pandemic. Indian Journal Psychiatry.
Roosinda, F. W., & Suryandaru, Y. S. (2020). Framing of propaganda and negative content in Indonesian media. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi (Indonesian Journal of Communications Studies), 4(1), 63.
Salahudin, Nurmandi, A., Sulistyaningsih, T., Lutfi, M., & Sihidi, I. T. (2020). Analysis of Government Official Twitters during Covid-19 Crisis in Indonesia Analysis of Government Official Twitters during Covid-19 Crisis in Indonesia. Talent Development & Excellence, 12(1), 3899–3915.
Schraff, D. (2020). Political trust during the Covid-19 pandemic: Rally around the flag or lockdown effects? European Journal of Political Research, (March), 1–11.
Susilawati, S., Falefi, R., & Purwoko, A. (2020). Impact of COVID-19’s Pandemic on the Economy of Indonesia. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(2), 1147–1156.
Wagner, A., & Weinberger, B. (2020). Vaccines to Prevent Infectious Diseases in the Older Population: Immunological Challenges and Future Perspectives. Frontiers in Immunology, 11.
Wang, J., Qiao, K., & Zhang, Z. (2018). Trust evaluation based on evidence theory in online social networks. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 14(10).
Wilson, S. L., & Wiysonge, C. (2020). Social media and vaccine hesitancy. BMJ Global Health, 5(10), 1–7.
Xiong, F., Liu, Y., & Cheng, J. (2017). Modeling and predicting opinion formation with trust propagation in online social networks. Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, 44, 513–524.
Zmerli, S., & Newton, K. (2008). Social trust and attitudes toward democracy. Public Opinion Quarterly, 72(4), 706–724.
How to Cite
Baharuddin, T., Sairin, S., Qodir, Z., Jubba, H., & Nurmandi, A. (2022). Partisipasi dan kepercayaan sosial daring: kebijakan vaksinasi COVID-19 di Indonesia. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi, 6(1), 277-290. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)