The disaster communication system in the city of Medan

  • Syafrizaldi Syafrizaldi Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara
  • Syukur Kholil Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara
  • Hasrat Efendi Samosir Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara
  • Ahmad Tamrin Sikumbang Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara
Abstract views: 388 , PDF downloads: 315
Keywords: communication system; disaster management; city of medan, communication system, disaster management, city of medan

Abstract

This study aims to analyse the communication system carried out in disaster management in Medan City, analyse the communication system carried out by the Medan City Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) in tackling disasters in Medan City according to Islamic communication principles, analyse the BPBD communication system model in tackling disasters in Medan City, and analyse the communication barriers faced by the Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) in tackling disasters in the city of Medan. This study uses several theories, namely communication formulas according to Harold Lasswell, dependency theory (dependency theory) and innovation diffusion theory, to describe the basic concepts and discuss research findings. This research is a research with a qualitative approach and uses a descriptive method after doing data collection by using interviews and documentation. The data analysis results show that the Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) of Medan City applies a communication system according to the communication formula according to Harold D Lasswell.

References

Badri, M. (2018). Sistem Komunikasi Dalam Pembangunan Sosial Pasca Bencana. Jurnal Dakwah Risalah, 29(1), 66–80.
Bail, R. de F., Kovaleski, J. L., da Silva, V. L., Pagani, R. N., & Chiroli, D. M. de G. (2021). Internet of things in disaster management: Technologies and uses. Environmental Hazards, 20(5), 493–513.
Barlian, E. (2016). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif. Sukabina Press.
Bmkg.go.id. (2022). Gempabumi. http://balai3.denpasar.bmkg.go.id/tentang-gempa
Bungin, B. (2006). Sosiologi Komunikasi :Teori, Paradigma, dan Diskursus Teknologi Komunikasi di Masyarakat. PT. Kencana Predana Media Group.
Cangara, H. (2016). Pengantar Ilmu Komunikasi (Edisi Kedua). Jakarta: PT Rajagrafindo Persada.
de Leon, M., Susilo, D., Putranto, T., Hartati, F., & Santos, R. (2021). Managing the uncertainty during COVID-19 pandemic: Communicating disaster and food industry sustainability. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 819(1), 12039.
DeFleur, M., & Ball-Rokeach, S. (1989). Theories of mass communication (Vol. 5). Longman New York.
Fisher, B. (1978). Perspectives on human communication. Collier Macmillan.
Gelgel, N. (2020). Media Sosial dan Literasi Kebencanaan di Bali. Interaksi: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 9(1), 19–30.
Hefni, H. (2017). Komunikasi islam. Prenada Media.
Ibrahim, M. (2015). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Istiqomah. (2019). Pengaruh Pemberitaan Bencana Alam di Harian Serambi Indonesia Terhadap Kesadaran Masyarakat. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi, 3(March), 57–67. https://doi.org/10.25139/jsk.3i1.1423
Knapp, M., & Vangelisti, A. (1996). Interpersonal communication and human relationships. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Kühne, O., Koegst, L., Zimmer, M.-L., & Schäffauer, G. (2021). .”.. Inconceivable, Unrealistic and Inhumane.” Internet Communication on the Flood Disaster in West Germany of July 2021 between Conspiracy Theories and Moralisation—A Neopragmatic Explorative Study. Sustainability, 13(20), 11427.
Lestari, P. (2018). Komunikasi Bencana Aspek Penting Pengurangan Risiko Bencana. PT KANISIUS.
Liu, B., & Mehta, A. (2021). From the periphery and toward a centralised model for trust in government risk and disaster communication. Journal of Risk Research, 24(7), 853–869.
Liu, W. (2022). Disaster communication ecology in multiethnic communities: Understanding disaster coping and community resilience from a communication resource approach. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 15(1), 94–117.
McQuail, D. (2010). McQuail's mass communication theory. Sage publications.
Miles, M., & Huberman, A. (1994). An expanded sourcebook: Qualitative data analysis (2nd Edition). In Sage Publications. https://doi.org/10.1016/0149-7189(96)88232-2
Mirbabaie, M., Ehnis, C., Stieglitz, S., Bunker, D., & Rose, T. (2021). Digital nudging in social media disaster communication. Information Systems Frontiers, 23(5), 1097–1113.
Moleong, L. (2017). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.
Muhammad, A. (2016). Komunikasi Organisasi. Jakarta: PT. Bumi Aksara.
Muhammad, Arni. (2015). Komunikasi Organisasi. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
Mulyana, D. (2017). Ilmu Komunikasi Suatu Pengantar (Revisi). Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.
Mulyana, Deddy. (2013). Komunikasi organisasi strategi meningkatkan kinerja perusahaan. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.
Muritala, O., Afolabi, T., & Oshinfowokan, G. (2018). Media and disaster management: Analysing communication trends in flood ravaged communities in Benue State, North Central Nigeria. Journal of Media and Communication Studies, 10(9), 106–112.
Nugroho, S., & Sulistyorini, D. (2018). Komunikasi bencana: membedah relasi bnpb dengan media. In Pusat Data, Informasi dan Hubungan Masyarakat, Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana.
Nurdin, R. (2015). Komunikasi dalam Penanggulangan Bencana. JURNAL SIMBOLIKA: Research and Learning in Communication Study (E-Journal), 1(1).
Nurudin. (2004). Sistem Komunikasi Indonesia. Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada.
Palen, L., & Hughes, A. (2018). Social media in disaster communication. In Handbook of disaster research. Springer.
Parida, D., Moses, S., & Rahaman, K. (2021). Analysing media framing of cyclone Amphan: Implications for risk communication and disaster preparedness. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 59, 102272.
Poestahadepok. (2018). Sejarah Kota Medan (75): Sejarah Gempa Bumi di Medan dan Deli, Tercatat Sejak 1883; Apakah Kota Medan Langka Gempa? http://poestahadepok.blogspot.com/2018/10/sejarah-kota-medan-75-sejarah-gempa.html
Purwasito, A. (2017). Analisis Pesan. Jurnal The Messenger, 9(1), 103–109.
Putra, Y., Darmawan, A., & Rochim, A. (2018). Hambatan komunikasi pada mahasiswa perantauan luar jawa di kampus universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya (Studi deskriptif tentang kkomunikasi antar budaya di kalangan mahasiswa perantauan dari luar jawa dalam menghadapi culture shock di universitas 17 Agus. Jurnal Representamen, 4(1).
Rahmawati, F. (2020). Terparah Sejak 20 Tahun Terakhir, Ini 3 Fakta Banjir di Kampung Lalang Medan. https://www.merdeka.com/sumut/terparah-sejak-20-tahun-terakhir-ini-3-fakta-banjir-di-kampung-lalang-medan.html?page=4
Rogers, E., & Shoemaker, F. (1971). Communication of Innovation. New York: The Free Press Macmilan Company.
Ruslan, R. (2010). Manajemen public relations dan media komunikasi. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.
Ruslan, R. (2018). Manajemen Public Relations & Media Komunikasi: Konsep dan Aplikasi. Rajagrafindo Persada.
Spialek, M., Houston, J., Shin, H., Okker-Edging, K., & Suzuki, V. P. (2021). Individual disaster communication in the Latinx community after Hurricane Harvey: The role of disaster exposure, perceived discrimination stress, and social trust. Communication Monographs, 88(3), 330–349.
Sukmono, F., & Junaedi, F. (2020). Towards industry 5.0 in disaster mitigation in Lombok island, Indonesia. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi (Indones J Commun Stud), 4(3), 553–564.
Susetio, J. (2017). BREAKING NEWS: Gempa Tengah Malam Kian Sering Guncang Medan, Ini Tips Aman Kogana. https://medan.tribunnews.com/2017/02/14/gempa-tengah-malam-kian-sering-guncang-medan-ini-tips-aman-komunitas-siaga-bencana
Susilo, D, & Putranto, T. (2021). Content analysis of instagram posts related to the performance of the national search and rescue agency in early 2021. Jurnal Komunikasi Profesional, 5(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25139/jkp.v5i1.3463
Susilo, Daniel, Indrasari, M., Harliantara, Iristian, J., & Yunus, E. (2020). Managing uncertainty during disaster: Case on typhoon hagibis japan. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/519/1/012015
Sutton, S., Paton, D., Buergelt, P., Sagala, S., & Meilianda, E. (2021). Nandong Smong and Tsunami lullabies: Song and music as an effective communication tool in disaster risk reduction. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 65, 102527.
Syukur, K. (2007). Komunikasi Islami. Bandung: Citapustaka Media.
Tamitiadini, D., Adila, I., & Dewi, W. (2019). Komunikasi bencana: Teori dan pendekatan praktis studi kebencanaan di Indonesia. Universitas Brawijaya Press.
Tempo.co. (2011). Sungai Deli Meluap Rendam 10 Kecamatan di Medan. https://nasional.tempo.co/read/304270/sungai-deli-meluap-rendam-10-kecamatan-di-medan
Widjaja, A. (2000). Pengantar Studi Ilmu Komunikasi. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.
Wiryanto. (2004). Pengantar Ilmu Komunikasi. In PT. Grasindo.
Published
2022-07-30
How to Cite
Syafrizaldi, S., Kholil, S., Samosir, H. E., & Sikumbang, A. T. (2022). The disaster communication system in the city of Medan. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi, 6(2), 655 - 678. https://doi.org/10.25139/jsk.v6i2.4927
Section
Articles