Strategi komunikasi image restoration mantan narapidana kasus narkoba di Aceh Tengah

  • ALI MUSTAFA UIN Sumatera Utara Medan
  • Syukur Kholil Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara Medan
  • Hasan Sazali Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara Medan
Abstract views: 161 , PDF downloads: 180
Keywords: drug cases; ex-convict; image restoration; strategic communication

Abstract

In general, former prisoners want to participate socially so that their status is the same as that of other members of society. However, in reality, they often face social discrimination and negative stigma from their environment. This research question is: What is the message from former convicts in drug cases in the strategy to restore self-image in Central Aceh Regency? This research uses qualitative methods to obtain in-depth and natural data. Image Restoration Theory by William L. Benoit's is used as an analytical perspective. The research informants were four former drug convicts who had been socially reintegrated according to certain criteria. Data collection was carried out using unstructured interviews. Research data was analysed using the interactive model by Miles, Huberman, and Saldana. This study found that the informants use a transcendental-multi-step flow communication model in their image restoration strategies. The messages used by informants in image restoration include the five strategies offered by Benoit. However, corrective action and mortification are important strategies in this case. The corrective action strategy is not just about being "clean" from drugs but also about making positive changes in various aspects, such as relationships, work, and religious practice. Apart from having a cognitive consonance effect, the mortification strategy can also repair damaged relationships. Through corrective action and mortification strategies, former prisoners build an image called the "image of repentance".

References

Akhyar, Z., Matnuh, H., & Najibuddin, M. (2014). Persepsi Masyarakat Terhadap Mantan Narapidana Di Desa Benua Jingah Kecamatan Barabai Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Tengah. Jurnal Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan, 4(7), 545–557. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/121095-ID-persepsi-masyarakat-terhadap-mantan-nara.pdf

Alwaton, Y. (2023). Komunikasi Krisis Polri : Strategi Image Repair Polri Dalam Tragedi Kanjuruhan. 12(1), 1–9.

Amry, M. A., & Novembri, S. (2021). Analisis Bentuk Labelling Terhadap Mantan Narapidana Narkotika Kelurahan Kampung Jawa Kotak Solok Sumatera Barat. Deviance: Jurnal Kriminologi, 5(2), 118–135. https://doi.org/10.36080/djk.v

Arinda Ika Saputri. (2022). Problematika Mantan Narapidana Narkoba dalam Membangun Keluarga Sakinah Perpestif Hukum Islam (Studi Kasus Di Kecamatan Padang Jaya Kabupaten Bengkulu Utara). In Skripsi. IAIN Bengkulu.

Bahfiarti, T. (2020). Kegelisahan dan ketidakpastian mantan narapidana dalam konteks komunikasi kelompok budaya Bugis Makassar. Jurnal Kajian Komunikasi, 8(1), 29–41. https://doi.org/10.24198/jkk.v8i1.25607

Benoit, W. L. (1995). Accounts, Excuses, and Apologies: A Theory iof Image Restoration Strategies (First). State University of New York Press.

Benoit, W. L. (2015). Accounts, Excuses, and Apologies: Image Repair Theory and Research, Second Edition (2nd ed.). Sunny Press.

Cesaviani, M., & Apriani, R. (2022). Adaptasi Mantan Narapidana Di Dalam Kehidupan Bermasyarakat (Studi Kasus Pada Mantan Narpidana Kasus Narkotika Di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Narkotika Kelas II A Cirebon). Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, 9(4), 657–667. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31604/jips.v9i2.2022.657-667

Fajarlie, N. I. (2023). Linda Pujiastuti Geram Merasa Difitnah Teddy Minahasa: Seolah-olah Saya Bandar Narkoba Besar.Kompas.com. https://www.kompas.tv/article/395216/linda-pujiastuti-geram-merasa-difitnah-teddy-minahasa-seolah-olah-saya-bandar-narkoba-besar

Kartono, K. (2009). Patologi Sosial (1st ed.). PT. Rajawali Press.

Komala, R. (2022). Jurnal ranah komunikasi. Jurnal Ranah Komunikasi, 6(2), 99–111.

Kriyantono, R. (2014). Teori-Teori Public Relations Perspektif Barat & Lokal (Aplikasi Teori dan Praktik). Kencana Prenadamedia Group.

Lombok Post. (2022). Mantan Napi Narkoba Kembali Dibui, Kali Ini Terlibat Pencurian. Lombok Post. https://lombokpost.jawapos.com/hukrim/25/08/2022/mantan-napi-narkoba-kembali-dibui-kali-ini-terlibat-pencurian/

Masduki. (2014). Strategi Pemulihan Citra Partai Politik: Kasus Partai Demokrat Masduki. Jurnal UNISIA, XXXVI(81), 169–178.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook (3rd ed.). Sage Publication, Inc.

Pangestu, B. A., Yuhastina, & Rahman, A. (2022). The Socio-Cultural Adaptation Strategies Former Commercial Sex Workers in Building The Public Acceptance in RRI Surakarta. 6(2), 162–174. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.38043/jids.v6i2.3704

Prayitno, S. S., & Alfian, I. N. (2023). Gambaran Stigma Pada Mantan Narapidana Teroris. Jurnal Fusion, 3(3), 272–281. https://doi.org/10.54543/fusion.v3i03.276

Putra, D. (2019). Penyesuaian Diri Mantan Narapidana di Masyarakat (Studi di Desa Pagar Alam Kecamatan Padang Guci Hulu Kabupaten Kaur). http://repository.iainbengkulu.ac.id/id/eprint/3576

Putra, I. M. D. P. A., Dewi, A. A. S. L., & Arthanaya, I. W. (2022). Perlindungan Hukum terhadap Mantan Narapidana dalam Perspektif Undang-undang Ketenagakerjaan. Jurnal Preferensi Hukum, 3(1), 161–164. https://doi.org/10.22225/jph.3.1.4677.161-164

Rachman, A. M. I., & Hastri, E. D. (2023). Diskriminasi Sosial Terhadap Residivis Dalam Perspektif Sosiologi Hukum. Jurnal Politik Hukum, 13(1), 1–12. https://jurnal2.untagsmg.ac.id/index.php/jph/article/view/386.

Ramadani, R. A. (2015). Faktor-Faktor Penyebab Terjadinya Residivis Dalam Melakukan Tindak Pidana Pencurian Dengan Kekerasan Dan Upaya Penanggulangannya Di Lembaga Permasyarakatan Kelas IIB Tenggarong. Jurnal of Law (JoL), 4(1), 1311–1321. http://ejurnal.untag-smd.ac.id/index.php/DD/article/view/2090

Rezha, D., Roslan, H. S., & Tanzil. (2019). Adaptasi Sosial Mantan Narapidana Dalam Kehidupan Bermasyarakat di Kota Kendari Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Neo Societal, 4(4), 927–934. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.52423/jns.v4i4.7929

RI, D. K. (2022). Jumlah Warga Binaan Pemasyarakatan (WBP) Berdasarkan Jenis Kejahatan. http://sdppublik.ditjenpas.go.id/analisis/public/jumlah-wbp-berdasarkan-jenis-kejahatan

Sudirman, K. A., & Sulhin, I. (2019). Mekanisme Mengatasi Stigma di Kalangan Klien Pemasyarakatan (Studi Kasus Klien Narkoba di Balai Pemasyarakatan Kelas I Jakarta Selatan. Journal of Correctional Issues, 2(2), 57–58.

Surur, M. (2018). Konsep Taubat dalam Al-Qur’an. Jurnal Kaca, 8(2), 4–20.

Tarore, N. G. A., R.Watulingas, R., & Muaja, H. S. (2022). Tinjauan Kriminologis Terhadap Residivis Tindak Pidana Pencurian. Jurnal Lex Privatum, 10(5). https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/v3/index.php/lexprivatum/article/view/42850.

Published
2023-11-30
How to Cite
MUSTAFA, A., Kholil, S., & Sazali, H. (2023). Strategi komunikasi image restoration mantan narapidana kasus narkoba di Aceh Tengah. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi, 7(3), 994 - 1011. https://doi.org/10.25139/jsk.v7i3.6209
Section
Articles