DETERMINAN TINGKAT PENGANGGURAN TERBUKA DI D.I. YOGYAKARTA

  • UPN "VETERAN" YOGYAKARTA
  • UPN "VETERAN" YOGYAKARTA
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Keywords: , pengangguran terbuka, pertumbuhan, upah minimum, modal manusia

Abstract

Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui determinan  pengangguran terbuka di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder yang diterbitkan oleh Badan Pusat Statistik tahun 2010-2018. Data tersebut mencakup tingkat pengangguran terbuka, pertumbuhan ekonomi, upah minimum kabupaten/kota, dan modal manusia. Penelitian ini menggunakan regresi panel berdasarkan Fully Modified Ordinary Least Square (FMOLS) dan Dynamic Ordinary Least Square (DOLS).  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pertumbuhan ekonomi berdampak negatif, sedangkan upah minimum kabupaten/kota berdampak positif terhadap pengangguran terbuka. Peningkatan pertumbuhan ekonomi mendorong penurunan pengangguran terbuka, sedangkan kenaikan upah minimum kabupaten diikuti oleh kenaikan tingkat pengangguran terbuka. Sementara  itu, modal manusia tidak berpengaruh pada tingkat pengangguran terbuka akibat rendahnya rata-rata lama sekolah. Untuk itu, pemerintah perlu meningkatkan sumber daya manusia melalui wajib belajar 12 tahun.

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Published
2021-04-01
How to Cite
, & . (2021). DETERMINAN TINGKAT PENGANGGURAN TERBUKA DI D.I. YOGYAKARTA. Develop, 5(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.25139/dev.v5i1.3689
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Articles