PID Control System on Brushless DC Motor for Quadcopter Balance
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is an unmanned aircraft system that is no longer a special need but has become a general need for the community, and one example is used to capture everyday moments through photos or videos from the air. Among the models of UAV aircraft is the quadcopter, where there is a flight controller that functions to fly the quadcopter by adjusting the speed of each motor. The flight controller that is often used today is the Pixhawk manufacturer. The Pixhawk module is an integrated system that the factory has provided, so it cannot be modified in terms of control and I/O. This research focuses on making an independent flight controller that can be used to fly a quadcopter. The control method that is implanted is Proportional Integral Derivative or commonly known as PID. The flight controller uses the PID control method to adjust each Brushless DC Motor (BLDC) speed to maintain stability while flying. From the test results, the quadcopter can fly stably with KP parameters of 2.5, KI of 0.6, and KD of 1.0. The response time in processing feedback is 3s.
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