Design and Implementation of Artificial Intelligence-based Real-time Pothole Detection for IoT Smart Infrastructure
The Internet of Things (IoT) has been extensively deployed for Smart Cities due to its ability to process many different and heterogeneous end systems. The IoT innovation encourages artificial intelligence applications to process data. In Smart City infrastructure, the road is a critical component of transportation infrastructure that supports the economic, social, and cultural things of community life and various aspects of community life. Road conditions affect a variety of community activities. Good roads enhance comfort and support local businesses. However, many roads remain in bad condition, such as potholes. Various methods have been attempted to identify potholes, especially the two-dimensional imaging method. This paper proposes the real-time Artificial Intelligence detection of potholes using the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), which leverages the Edge Tensor Processing Unit (TPU) with the MobileNet SSD v2. The system was set up on a Jetson Nano with a few extras, including a camera and GPS, to support the IoT infrastructure. Evaluation for the model consists of device implementation, model evaluation, GPS position deviation, and on-road implementation. The effectiveness is confirmed through experiments using a system test-bed that generates ideal mAP off 0.22 and recall values.
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