The contestation of cultural claims in online media between Malaysia and Indonesia

  • Albert Yaputra Padjadjaran University
  • Deddy Mulyana Padjadjaran University
Abstract views: 1815 , PDF downloads: 786
revision form downloads: 0
Publication fee receipt and Agreement signed downloads: 0
Bukti Transfer downloads: 0
Keywords: conflict, construction of reality, cultural claim, ethnic identity


The dynamics of Indonesia-Malaysia relations are influenced by the political growth of the two countries. Since the beginning of the Independence Era, there have been many ups and downs between the two countries. The recent ‘conflict’ centred on cultural issues, more specifically on the claims of certain cultural features such as songs, dances, batik, and cuisine. This study explained the reality of online media development in both countries, especially those related to Indonesian culture in Malaysia. This research used qualitative methods with a case study approach. Data were collected through interview, observation, and study of literature techniques. The results revealed that the construction of reality presented by the media was generally only seen from an Indonesian perspective, not much from a Malaysian perspective. Although the social reality of Malaysia’s ‘cultural claims’ did not reflect the thinking of all Indonesians, this conflict was actually driven more by a small group of Indonesians whose loyalty is unclear. Unlike the Indonesian media, Malaysian media did not consider art and culture originating from Indonesia as an important issue. So, the problem was not widely reported. Malaysian media believed that Indonesian media was exaggerating the fact and that it was only in the interest of the mass media to find exciting news to publish.

Author Biographies

Albert Yaputra, Padjadjaran University

Alumni of the Doctorate Program, the Faculty of Communication Sciences, Padjadjaran University; a former Indonesian Parliament (DPR)

Deddy Mulyana, Padjadjaran University

Professor, Faculty of Communication Sciences, Padjadjaran University


Akuntono, I. (2012). Dalam 5 Tahun , Malaysia 7 Kali Klaim Budaya. 6–7.
Barth, F. (1969). Ethnic groups and boundaries. Allen & Unwin.
Boonstra, S. (2016). Indonesia-Malaysia Relations. Cultural Heritage, Politics and Labour Migration, written by Marshall Clark and Juliet Pietsch. Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- En Volkenkunde / Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia, 172(2–3), 394–396.
Budiawan. (2017). How do Indonesians remember Konfrontasi? Indonesia–Malaysia relations and the popular memory of “Confrontation” after the fall of Suharto. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 18(3), 364–375.
Bungin, B. (2008). Konstruksi Sosial Media Massa. Kekuatan Pengaruh Media Massa, Iklan Televisi dan Keputusan Konsumen Serta Kritik Terhadap Peter L. Berger & Thomas Luckman. Kencana.
Clark, M., & Pietsch, J. (2014). Indonesia-Malaysia relations: Cultural heritage, politics and labor migration. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.
Clark, M., & Pietsch, J. (2019). 9. Uneasy Neighbours: Indonesia– Malaysia Relations under Yudhoyono. In Aspirations with Limitations.
Daymon, C., & Holloway, I. (2008). Communications, Metode-metode Riset Kualitatif dalam Public Relations dan Marketing. Penerbit Bentang.
Druce, S. C., & Baikoeni, E. Y. (2016). Circumventing Conflict: The Indonesia–Malaysia Ambalat Block Dispute (pp. 137–156).
Fibri, R. (2009). Tari pendet tayang, protes terbilang.
Geertz, C. (1973). The interpretation of cultures: Selected essays. Basic Books.
Good, B. J. (2004). Rethinking “emotions” in Southeast Asia. Ethnos, 69(4), 529–533.
Heryanto, A., & Mandal, K. (2003). Challenging authoritarianism in Southeast Asia: Comparing Indonesia and Malaysia. In Challenging Authoritarianism in Southeast Asia: Comparing Indonesia and Malaysia.
Hew, W. W. (2018a). Chinese Ways of Being Muslim: Negotiating Ethnicity and Religiosity in Indonesia. NIAS Press.
Hew, W. W. (2018b). The art of dakwah: social media, visual persuasion and the Islamist propagation of Felix Siauw. Indonesia and the Malay World, 46(134), 61–79.
Ibrahim, M. (2017). Octoberfest ‘halal’, tapi reog pula haram.
Karim, M. F. (2019). State transformation and cross-border regionalism in Indonesia’s periphery: contesting the centre. Third World Quarterly, 40(8), 1554–1570.
Kerkvliet, T., & Benedict, J. (2009). Southeast Asia. In The Australian Study of Politics.
Lazuardi, G. C. (2009). Maumu Apa Malaysia ? Konflik Indo-Malay menurut kacamatan seorang WNI di Malaysia. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Light, D. W., Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1967). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Sociological Analysis, 28(1), 55.
McQuail, D. (2012). Teori komunikasi massa suatu pengantar. Erlangga.
Mulyana, D. (2018). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif: Paradigma ilmu komunikasi dan ilmu sosial lainnya. Rosdakarya.
Nasaruddin. (2017, August). Berikut ini daftar dosa-dosa Malaysia ke Indonesia.
Neuman, W. L. (2003). Social research method: Qualitative and quantitative approaches (5th ed.). Allyn and Bacon.
Nur, M. (2018). Indonesia - Malaysia relations from the perspective of maritime history of the straits of malacca. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 23(1), 64–74.
Oishi, M. (2016). Introduction: The ASEAN Way of Conflict Management Under Challenge (pp. 1–17).
Opah. (2009). Definition of “Malay” root cause of Indonesian anger.
Raco, J. R. (2010). Metode penelitian kualitatif (jenis, karakteristik, dan keunggulannya). PT Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia.
Surajaya, I. K. (2018). The Disharmony Relation between Indonesia-Malaysia in the Post-Colonial Era. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 7(2), 665–670.
Yin, R. K. (2011). Studi Kasus Desain dan Metode (Terjemahan). Rajagrafindo Persada.
Yudono, J. (2012, June). Pengakuan Malaysia atas tor-tor tak usah dipermasalahkan.
Zainal, H. (2019). The irony of Islamization: sexuality, piety and power on Malaysian screens. Continuum, 33(1), 16–36.
Zakharov, A. O. (2019). Special Relationship in the Malay World: Indonesia and Malaysia by Ho Ying Chan. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 92(1), 120–124.