The contestation of cultural claims in online media between Malaysia and Indonesia

Albert Yaputra, Deddy Mulyana

Abstract


The dynamics of Indonesia-Malaysia relations are influenced by the political growth of the two countries. Since the beginning of the Independence Era, there have been many ups and downs between the two countries. The recent ‘conflict’ centred on cultural issues, more specifically on the claims of certain cultural features such as songs, dances, batik, and cuisine. This study explained the reality of online media development in both countries, especially those related to Indonesian culture in Malaysia. This research used qualitative methods with a case study approach. Data were collected through interview, observation, and study of literature techniques. The results revealed that the construction of reality presented by the media was generally only seen from an Indonesian perspective, not much from a Malaysian perspective. Although the social reality of Malaysia’s ‘cultural claims’ did not reflect the thinking of all Indonesians, this conflict was actually driven more by a small group of Indonesians whose loyalty is unclear. Unlike the Indonesian media, Malaysian media did not consider art and culture originating from Indonesia as an important issue. So, the problem was not widely reported. Malaysian media believed that Indonesian media was exaggerating the fact and that it was only in the interest of the mass media to find exciting news to publish.

Keywords


conflict; construction of reality; cultural claim; ethnic identity

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akuntono, I. (2012). Dalam 5 Tahun , Malaysia 7 Kali Klaim Budaya. 6–7.

Barth, F. (1969). Ethnic groups and boundaries. Allen & Unwin.

Boonstra, S. (2016). Indonesia-Malaysia Relations. Cultural Heritage, Politics and Labour Migration, written by Marshall Clark and Juliet Pietsch. Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- En Volkenkunde / Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia, 172(2–3), 394–396. https://doi.org/10.1163/22134379-17202012

Budiawan. (2017). How do Indonesians remember Konfrontasi? Indonesia–Malaysia relations and the popular memory of “Confrontation” after the fall of Suharto. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 18(3), 364–375. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649373.2017.1345349

Bungin, B. (2008). Konstruksi Sosial Media Massa. Kekuatan Pengaruh Media Massa, Iklan Televisi dan Keputusan Konsumen Serta Kritik Terhadap Peter L. Berger & Thomas Luckman. Kencana.

Clark, M., & Pietsch, J. (2014). Indonesia-Malaysia relations: Cultural heritage, politics and labor migration. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Clark, M., & Pietsch, J. (2019). 9. Uneasy Neighbours: Indonesia– Malaysia Relations under Yudhoyono. In Aspirations with Limitations. https://doi.org/10.1355/9789814786973-010

Daymon, C., & Holloway, I. (2008). Communications, Metode-metode Riset Kualitatif dalam Public Relations dan Marketing. Penerbit Bentang.

Druce, S. C., & Baikoeni, E. Y. (2016). Circumventing Conflict: The Indonesia–Malaysia Ambalat Block Dispute (pp. 137–156). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-0042-3_7

Fibri, R. (2009). Tari pendet tayang, protes terbilang.

Geertz, C. (1973). The interpretation of cultures: Selected essays. Basic Books.

Good, B. J. (2004). Rethinking “emotions” in Southeast Asia. Ethnos, 69(4), 529–533. https://doi.org/10.1080/0014184042000302344

Heryanto, A., & Mandal, K. (2003). Challenging authoritarianism in Southeast Asia: Comparing Indonesia and Malaysia. In Challenging Authoritarianism in Southeast Asia: Comparing Indonesia and Malaysia. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203208007

Hew, W. W. (2018a). Chinese Ways of Being Muslim: Negotiating Ethnicity and Religiosity in Indonesia. NIAS Press.

Hew, W. W. (2018b). The art of dakwah: social media, visual persuasion and the Islamist propagation of Felix Siauw. Indonesia and the Malay World, 46(134), 61–79. https://doi.org/10.1080/13639811.2018.1416757

Ibrahim, M. (2017). Octoberfest ‘halal’, tapi reog pula haram.

Karim, M. F. (2019). State transformation and cross-border regionalism in Indonesia’s periphery: contesting the centre. Third World Quarterly, 40(8), 1554–1570. https://doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2019.1620598

Kerkvliet, T., & Benedict, J. (2009). Southeast Asia. In The Australian Study of Politics. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-0-230-29684-8

Lazuardi, G. C. (2009). Maumu Apa Malaysia ? Konflik Indo-Malay menurut kacamatan seorang WNI di Malaysia. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Light, D. W., Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1967). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Sociological Analysis, 28(1), 55. https://doi.org/10.2307/3710424

McQuail, D. (2012). Teori komunikasi massa suatu pengantar. Erlangga.

Mulyana, D. (2018). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif: Paradigma ilmu komunikasi dan ilmu sosial lainnya. Rosdakarya.

Nasaruddin. (2017, August). Berikut ini daftar dosa-dosa Malaysia ke Indonesia.

Neuman, W. L. (2003). Social research method: Qualitative and quantitative approaches (5th ed.). Allyn and Bacon.

Nur, M. (2018). Indonesia - Malaysia relations from the perspective of maritime history of the straits of malacca. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 23(1), 64–74. https://doi.org/10.22452/jati.vol23no1.4

Oishi, M. (2016). Introduction: The ASEAN Way of Conflict Management Under Challenge (pp. 1–17). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-0042-3_1

Opah. (2009). Definition of “Malay” root cause of Indonesian anger.

Raco, J. R. (2010). Metode penelitian kualitatif (jenis, karakteristik, dan keunggulannya). PT Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia.

Surajaya, I. K. (2018). The Disharmony Relation between Indonesia-Malaysia in the Post-Colonial Era. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 7(2), 665–670. https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i2/ART201823.pdf

Yin, R. K. (2011). Studi Kasus Desain dan Metode (Terjemahan). Rajagrafindo Persada.

Yudono, J. (2012, June). Pengakuan Malaysia atas tor-tor tak usah dipermasalahkan.

Zainal, H. (2019). The irony of Islamization: sexuality, piety and power on Malaysian screens. Continuum, 33(1), 16–36. https://doi.org/10.1080/10304312.2018.1536778

Zakharov, A. O. (2019). Special Relationship in the Malay World: Indonesia and Malaysia by Ho Ying Chan. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 92(1), 120–124. https://doi.org/10.1353/ras.2019.0011




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25139/jsk.v4i2.2152

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed By:

 

   

  

  

  

 

 

.

JSK' StatCounter Report