Pengaruh Self-Efficacy terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Pada Mata Pelajaran Matematika

  • Yovika Sukma Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Nanang Priatna Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
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Abstract

Abstract

Critical thinking skills (CTS) is the skill that students require to possess in the 21st century. Research related to students' CTS in Indonesia discusses how students' CTS, including discussing the factors that affect students' CTS. One of the factors that affect students' CTS is self-efficacy. This study will assess the literature using a systematic literature review on whether self-efficacy influences students' CTS. The literature criteria used in this study are the literature in the form of journal articles or conference proceedings indexed by Scopus, Sinta, or Google Scholar with a maximum publication year of the last five years (2017-2021). The purpose of this study is to identify, assess, and make conclusions on the results of research that is relevant to the influence of self-efficacy toward students' CTS in mathematics. Based on the data analysis from the kinds of literature that have met the criteria and through the stage of quality assessment, self-efficacy influences students' CTS in mathematics. Doing this research can provide information about the influence of self-efficacy on the students' CTS and opportunities for research related to self-efficacy and CTS.

Keywords: Critical Thinking Skills, Mathematics, Self-Efficacy, Systematic Literature Review

 

Abstrak

Kemampuan berpikir kritis atau critical thiking skills (CTS) adalah salah satu kemampuan yang harus dimiliki siswa pada abad 21. Penelitian terkait CTS siswa di Indonesia membahas terkait bagaimana CTS siswa, termasuk membahas tentang faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi CTS siswa, salah satunya pengaruh dari efikasi diri siswa. Penelitian ini akan mengkaji secara literatur dengan menggunakan systematic literature review terkait apakah efikasi diri mempengaruhi CTS siswa. Kriteria literatur yang digunakan pada penelitian ini yaitu berupa artikel jurnal atau prosiding konferensi yang terindeks Scopus, Sinta, atau Google Scholar dengan tahun publikasi maksimal 5 tahun terakhir (tahun 2017-2021). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi, mengkaji, serta membuat kesimpulan dari literatur yang relevan dengan pengaruh efikasi diri terhadap CTS siswa pada mata pelajaran matematika. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data dari literatur yang menjadi data penelitian, efikasi diri mempengaruhi CTS siswa pada mata pelajaran matematika. Dengan dilakukannya penelitian ini dapat memberikan informasi terkait pengaruh efikasi diri terhadap CTS siswa serta peluang untuk melakukan penelitian terkait efikasi diri dan CTS.

Kata Kunci: Efikasi Diri, Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis, Matematika, Systematic Literature Review

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References

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[3] A. Fisher, Critical Thinking: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press, 2011.
[4] M. A. Andiyana, R. Maya, and W. Hidayat, “Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Matematis Siswa Smp Pada Materi Bangun Ruang,” JPMI (Jurnal Pembelajaran Mat. Inov., vol. 1, no. 3, p. 239, 2018.
[5] T. Jumaisyaroh, E. E. Napitupulu, and H. Hasratuddin, “Peningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Dan Kemandirian Belajar Siswa Smp Melalui Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah,” Kreano, J. Mat. Kreat., vol. 5, no. 2, p. 157, 2015.
[6] L. Nuryanti, S. Zubaidah, and M. Diantoro, “Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMP,” J. Pendidik. Teor. Penelitian, dan Pengemb., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 155–158, 2018.
[7] R. Priyadi, A. Mustajab, M. Z. Tatsar, and S. Kusairi, “Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMA Kelas X MIPA dalam Pembelajaran Fisika,” JPFT (Jurnal Pendidik. Fis. Tadulako Online), vol. 6, no. 1, p. 53, 2018.
[8] N. Rahayu and F. Alyani, “Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis ditinjau dari Adversity Quetient,” Prima J. Pendidik. Mat., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 121–136, 2020.
[9] I. S. Syafruddin and H. Pujiastuti, “Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis : Studi Kasus pada Siswa MTs Negeri 4 Tangerang,” Suska J. Math. Educ., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 89–100, 2020.
[10] V. Apiati and R. Hermanto, “Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Peserta Didik Dalam Memecahkan Masalah Matematik Berdasarkan Gaya Belajar,” Mosharafa J. Pendidik. Mat., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 167–178, 2020.
[11] A. Putri, D. Sumardani, W. Rahayu, and M. N. Hajizah, “Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Menggunakan Model Generative Learning Dan Connecting, Organizing, Reflecting, Extending (Core),” AKSIOMA J. Progr. Stud. Pendidik. Mat., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 108–117, 2020.
[12] V. F. Khairani and B. Y. G. Putra, “Peningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Siswa SMA melalui Model Pembelajaran Matematika Knisley dengan Metode Brainstorming,” Symmetry Pas. J. Res. Math. Learn. Educ., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 2020.
[13] N. C. Prihatiningtyas and R. Rosmaiyadi, “Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Siswa Dalam Model Pembelajaran Jucama pada Materi Trigonometri,” J. Kependidikan J. Has. Penelit. dan Kaji. Kepustakaan di Bid. Pendidikan, Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 27–37, 2020.
[14] A. Bandura, “Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control.” W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, 1997.
[15] A. R. Butz and E. L. Usher, “Sources of Self-Efficacy in Two Domains,” J. Contemp. Educ. Psychol., 2015.
[16] N. D. La Rosa, “A Path Analysis Exploration of Teacher’s Effect, Self-Efficacy, Demographic Factors, and Attitudes toward Mathematics among College Students Attendings Minority Serving Institution in Face-to-Face and Hybrid Mathematics Courses,” Florida International University, 2017.
[17] K. Wäschle, A. Allgaier, A. Lachner, S. Fink, and M. Nückles, “Procrastination and self-efficacy: Tracing vicious and virtuous circles in self-regulated learning,” Learn. Instr., vol. 29, pp. 103–114, 2014.
[18] N. Ziegler and M. Opdenakker, “The development of academic procrastination in first-year secondary education students : The link with metacognitive self-regulation, self-efficacy, and effort regulation,” Learn. Individ. Differ., vol. 64, pp. 71–82, 2018.
[19] E. Triandini, S. Jayanatha, A. Indrawan, G. Werla Putra, and B. Iswara, “Metode Systematic Literature Review untuk Identifikasi Platform dan Metode Pengembangan Sistem Informasi di Indonesia,” Indones. J. Inf. Syst., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 63–77, 2019.
[20] O. R. Riyanto, S. B. Waluya, and S. Mariani, “Mathematics Critical Thinking Reviewed from Self-efficacy and Motivation of Learning in Arias Learning,” J. Prim. Educ., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 243–250, 2020.
[21] L. Utari, Destiniar, and A. Syahbana, “Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran JUCAMA terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis ditinjau dari Self-Efficacy Siswa SMP,” J. Inov. Pendidik. Mat., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 35–47, 2020.
[22] E. E. Rohaeti, S. Hindun, and N. Fitriani, “Correlation of self-efficacy and mathematical critical thinking skills based on student’s cognitive stage,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 1315, no. 1, 2019.
[23] T. J. Syarifah, B. Usodo, and Riyadi, “Student’s critical thinking ability with higher order thinking skills (HOTS) question based on self-efficacy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 1265, no. 1, 2019.
[24] A. R. Misbahudin, “HUBUNGAN SELF-EFFICACY TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS MATEMATIS SISWA SMK PADA MATERI BARISAN DAN DERET ARITMATIKA,” J. Educ., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 445–450, 2019.
[25] L. V. Hari, L. S. Zanthy, and H. Hendriana, “Pengaruh Self-Efficacy terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematik Siswa SMP,” J. Pembelajaran Mat. Inov., vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 435–444, 2018.
[26] S. Nurazizah and A. Nurjaman, “Analisis Hubungan Self Efficacy Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Siswa Pada Materi Lingkaran,” JPMI (Jurnal Pembelajaran Mat. Inov., vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 361–370, 2018.
[27] R. Taubah, Isnarto, and Rochmad, “Student Critical Thinking Viewed from Mathematical Self-efficacy in Means Ends Analysis Learning with the Realistic Mathematics Education Approach,” Unnes J. Math. Educ. Res., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 189–195, 2018.
[28] N. P. Wulandari, M. A. Tiro, and W. Sanusi, “Pengaruh Kecerdasan Interpersonal, Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis, dan Efikasi Diri terhadap Hasil Belajar Matematika dan Sikap terhadap Matematika Siswa Kelas VII di Sekolah Menengah Pertama di Kota Makassar,” in Seminar Nasional Variansi 2018, 2018, vol. 2018, pp. 56–73.
[29] M. Gazali, “Pengaruh Efikasi Diri dan Kecemasan Matematika Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis,” J. Penelit. dan Penilai. Pendidik., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 274–289, 2017.
[30] E. L. Usher and F. Pajares, “Sources of self-efficacy in mathematics: A validation study,” Contemp. Educ. Psychol., vol. 34, pp. 89–101, 2009.
[1] Kemdikbud, “Pendidikan Karakter Dorong Tumbuhnya Kompetensi Siswa Abad 21,” Kementerian Pendidikan dan Budaya, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.kemdikbud.go.id/main/blog/2017/06/pendidikan-karakter-dorong-tumbuhnya-kompetensi-siswa-abad-21.
[2] E. Uzuntiryaki-Kondakçi and Y. Çapa-Aydin, “Predicting critical thinking skills of university students through metacognitive self-regulation skills and chemistry self-efficacy,” Educ. Sci. Theory Pract., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 666–670, 2013.
[3] A. Fisher, Critical Thinking: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press, 2011.
[4] M. A. Andiyana, R. Maya, and W. Hidayat, “Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Matematis Siswa Smp Pada Materi Bangun Ruang,” JPMI (Jurnal Pembelajaran Mat. Inov., vol. 1, no. 3, p. 239, 2018.
[5] T. Jumaisyaroh, E. E. Napitupulu, and H. Hasratuddin, “Peningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Dan Kemandirian Belajar Siswa Smp Melalui Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah,” Kreano, J. Mat. Kreat., vol. 5, no. 2, p. 157, 2015.
[6] L. Nuryanti, S. Zubaidah, and M. Diantoro, “Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMP,” J. Pendidik. Teor. Penelitian, dan Pengemb., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 155–158, 2018.
[7] R. Priyadi, A. Mustajab, M. Z. Tatsar, and S. Kusairi, “Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMA Kelas X MIPA dalam Pembelajaran Fisika,” JPFT (Jurnal Pendidik. Fis. Tadulako Online), vol. 6, no. 1, p. 53, 2018.
[8] N. Rahayu and F. Alyani, “Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis ditinjau dari Adversity Quetient,” Prima J. Pendidik. Mat., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 121–136, 2020.
[9] I. S. Syafruddin and H. Pujiastuti, “Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis : Studi Kasus pada Siswa MTs Negeri 4 Tangerang,” Suska J. Math. Educ., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 89–100, 2020.
[10] V. Apiati and R. Hermanto, “Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Peserta Didik Dalam Memecahkan Masalah Matematik Berdasarkan Gaya Belajar,” Mosharafa J. Pendidik. Mat., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 167–178, 2020.
[11] A. Putri, D. Sumardani, W. Rahayu, and M. N. Hajizah, “Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Menggunakan Model Generative Learning Dan Connecting, Organizing, Reflecting, Extending (Core),” AKSIOMA J. Progr. Stud. Pendidik. Mat., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 108–117, 2020.
[12] V. F. Khairani and B. Y. G. Putra, “Peningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Siswa SMA melalui Model Pembelajaran Matematika Knisley dengan Metode Brainstorming,” Symmetry Pas. J. Res. Math. Learn. Educ., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 2020.
[13] N. C. Prihatiningtyas and R. Rosmaiyadi, “Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Siswa Dalam Model Pembelajaran Jucama pada Materi Trigonometri,” J. Kependidikan J. Has. Penelit. dan Kaji. Kepustakaan di Bid. Pendidikan, Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 27–37, 2020.
[14] A. Bandura, “Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control.” W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, 1997.
[15] A. R. Butz and E. L. Usher, “Sources of Self-Efficacy in Two Domains,” J. Contemp. Educ. Psychol., 2015.
[16] N. D. La Rosa, “A Path Analysis Exploration of Teacher’s Effect, Self-Efficacy, Demographic Factors, and Attitudes toward Mathematics among College Students Attendings Minority Serving Institution in Face-to-Face and Hybrid Mathematics Courses,” Florida International University, 2017.
[17] K. Wäschle, A. Allgaier, A. Lachner, S. Fink, and M. Nückles, “Procrastination and self-efficacy: Tracing vicious and virtuous circles in self-regulated learning,” Learn. Instr., vol. 29, pp. 103–114, 2014.
[18] N. Ziegler and M. Opdenakker, “The development of academic procrastination in first-year secondary education students : The link with metacognitive self-regulation, self-efficacy, and effort regulation,” Learn. Individ. Differ., vol. 64, pp. 71–82, 2018.
[19] E. Triandini, S. Jayanatha, A. Indrawan, G. Werla Putra, and B. Iswara, “Metode Systematic Literature Review untuk Identifikasi Platform dan Metode Pengembangan Sistem Informasi di Indonesia,” Indones. J. Inf. Syst., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 63–77, 2019.
[20] O. R. Riyanto, S. B. Waluya, and S. Mariani, “Mathematics Critical Thinking Reviewed from Self-efficacy and Motivation of Learning in Arias Learning,” J. Prim. Educ., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 243–250, 2020.
[21] L. Utari, Destiniar, and A. Syahbana, “Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran JUCAMA terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis ditinjau dari Self-Efficacy Siswa SMP,” J. Inov. Pendidik. Mat., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 35–47, 2020.
[22] E. E. Rohaeti, S. Hindun, and N. Fitriani, “Correlation of self-efficacy and mathematical critical thinking skills based on student’s cognitive stage,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 1315, no. 1, 2019.
[23] T. J. Syarifah, B. Usodo, and Riyadi, “Student’s critical thinking ability with higher order thinking skills (HOTS) question based on self-efficacy,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 1265, no. 1, 2019.
[24] A. R. Misbahudin, “HUBUNGAN SELF-EFFICACY TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS MATEMATIS SISWA SMK PADA MATERI BARISAN DAN DERET ARITMATIKA,” J. Educ., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 445–450, 2019.
[25] L. V. Hari, L. S. Zanthy, and H. Hendriana, “Pengaruh Self-Efficacy terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematik Siswa SMP,” J. Pembelajaran Mat. Inov., vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 435–444, 2018.
[26] S. Nurazizah and A. Nurjaman, “Analisis Hubungan Self Efficacy Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Siswa Pada Materi Lingkaran,” JPMI (Jurnal Pembelajaran Mat. Inov., vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 361–370, 2018.
[27] R. Taubah, Isnarto, and Rochmad, “Student Critical Thinking Viewed from Mathematical Self-efficacy in Means Ends Analysis Learning with the Realistic Mathematics Education Approach,” Unnes J. Math. Educ. Res., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 189–195, 2018.
[28] N. P. Wulandari, M. A. Tiro, and W. Sanusi, “Pengaruh Kecerdasan Interpersonal, Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis, dan Efikasi Diri terhadap Hasil Belajar Matematika dan Sikap terhadap Matematika Siswa Kelas VII di Sekolah Menengah Pertama di Kota Makassar,” in Seminar Nasional Variansi 2018, 2018, vol. 2018, pp. 56–73.
[29] M. Gazali, “Pengaruh Efikasi Diri dan Kecemasan Matematika Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis,” J. Penelit. dan Penilai. Pendidik., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 274–289, 2017.
[30] E. L. Usher and F. Pajares, “Sources of self-efficacy in mathematics: A validation study,” Contemp. Educ. Psychol., vol. 34, pp. 89–101, 2009.
Published
2021-03-31
Section
Articles